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Voracious engaging in an activity with great eagerness or enthusiasm; desiring or consuming great quantities
1. The youngster who reads voraciously, though indiscriminately, does not necessarily gain in wisdom over the teenager who is more selective in his reading choices. 2. After skiing, I find that I have a voratious appetite.
Indiscriminate choosing at random without careful selection (andha-dhund)
1. The youngster who reads voraciously, though indiscriminately, does not necessarily gain in wisdom over the teenager who is more selective in his reading choices. 2. Modern warfare often results in the indiscriminate killing of combatants and innocent civilians alike.
Eminent of high reputation, outstanding; notable, remarkable
1. A young man who has read the life story of every eminent athlete of the twentieth century, or a coed who has steeped herself in every social-protest novel she can get her hands on, may very well be learning all there is to know in a very limited area. 2. The eminent author received the Nobel Prize for literature.
Steeped soaked, drenched, saturated (bhigona); rapid, exorbitant
1. A young man who has read the life story of every eminent athlete of the twentieth century, or a coed who has steeped herself in every social-protest novel she can get her hands on, may very well be learning all there is to know in a very limited area. 2. My cousin is so steep in schoolwork that his friends call him a bookworm.
Replete completely filled or supplied with
1. But books are replete with so many wonders that it is often discouraging to see bright young people limit their own experiences. 2. The football game was replete with excitement and great plays.
Abound to exist in great numbers
1. The worlds of science-fiction abound with wonders. 2. The western plains used to abound with bison before those animals were slaughtered by settlers.
Technology branch of knowledge dealing with engineering, applied science
1. Yet modern technology progresses so rapidly that what may be today's wild dream may be next year's kitchen appliance. 2. Man may be freed from backbreaking labor by the products of scientific technology.
Prognosticate to predict or foretell a future event
1. A British scientist has prognosticated that within ten years every suburban matron will have her own robot servant. 2. The mayor refused to prognosticate as to his margin of victory in the election.
Matron an older married woman
1. A British scientist has prognosticated that within ten years every suburban matron will have her own robot servant. 2. A clever salesman will always ask a motron if her mother is at home.
Automaton a robot; a mechanical "person"
1. One task this domesticated automaton will not have to contend with will be scouring the oven because even today the newest ranges can be "programed" to reduce their own baked-on grime to easily disposed of ashes. 2. The time is approaching when human workers may be replaced by automation.
Paradox a statement that at first seems to be absurd or self-contradictory but which may in fact turn out to be true
1 How paradoxical that the world's greatest chefs have all been men! Cooking would clearly seem to be a field that lies exclusively within women's realm, yet the annals of cookery are replete with masculine names: Brillat Savarin, Ritz, Diat, Larousse. 2. One of the great paradox of American life is that though minority groups have suffered injustices, nowhere in the world have so many varied groups lived together so harmoniously.
Relm special field of something or someone; kingdom
1. How paradoxical that the world's greatest chefs have all been men! Cooking would clearly seem to be a field that lies exclusively within women's realm, yet the annals of cookery are replete with masculine names: Brillat Savarin, Ritz, Diat, Larousse. 2. The cruel king would not allow the prince to enter his relm, restricting him to the forest, which abounded* with wild animals.
Annals annus(year); a record of events year by year; historical records
1. How paradoxical that the world's greatest chefs have all been men! Cooking would clearly seem to be a field that lies exclusively within women's realm, yet the annals of cookery are replete with masculine names: Brillat Savarin, Ritz, Diat, Larousse. 2. The annals of sports are replete* with the names of great black athletes.
Compound a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a mixture; to increase or add to
1. To compound the puzzle, there has rarely been a tinge of rumor or scandal casting doubts on the masculinity of these heroes of cuisine. 2. His gloom was now compound by the failing mark on his geometry test.
Tinge a trace, smattering, or slight degree
1. To compound the puzzle, there has rarely been a tinge of rumor or scandal casting doubts on the masculinity of these heroes of cuisine. 2. A tinge of garlic is all that's necessary in most recipes.
Badger repeatedly and annoyingly ask (someone) to do something; to pester, nag, annoy persistently
1. It is difficult to change someone's opinion by badgering him. The child who begs his mother to "get off his back" when she implores him for some assistance with the household drudgery, may very well plead interminably for some special privilege when he wants something for himself. 2. The teacher continually badgers the pupil for the missing assignments.
Implore beg someone earnestly or desperately to do something; to plead urgently for aid or mercy
1. It is difficult to change someone's opinion by badgering him. The child who begs his mother to "get off his back" when she implores him for some assistance with the household drudgery, may very well plead interminably for some special privilege when he wants something for himself. 2. The sick child's mother implores the doctor to come immediately.
Drudgery unpleasant, dull, or hard work
1. It is difficult to change someone's opinion by badgering him. The child who begs his mother to "get off his back" when she implores him for some assistance with the household drudgery, may very well plead interminably for some special privilege when he wants something for himself. 2. She does her homework on Fridays to save herself from the drugery of having to do it during the weekend.
Interminable Unending
1. It is difficult to change someone's opinion by badgering him. The child who begs his mother to "get off his back" when she implores him for some assistance with the household drudgery, may very well plead interminably for some special privilege when he wants something for himself. 2. I listened to the boring lecture for what seemed an interminably fifty minutes.
Perceive per(entirely) + capere(take); to understand, know, become aware of
1. How paradoxical* that neither is able to perceive that no one likes being nagged. 2. The eminent scientist perceive difficulties in putting the invention into practice.
Laconic Expressing much in few words
1. Calvin Coolidge, our thirtieth president, was named "Silent Cal" by reporters because of his laconic speech. 2. His speech was usually rambling, but this time I found it brief and laconic. *Mnemonics - Lack of phonic
Throng Crowd
1. One Sunday, after Mr. Coolidge had listened to an interminable* sermon, a throng of newsmen gathered around him. 2. A howling throng of teenage girls surrounded the rap artists.
Intrepid in(not) + trepidus(nervous); Brave; fearless; adventurous (often used for rhetorical or humorous effect)
1. An intrepid reporter accosted the Chief Executive: "Mr. President, we know that the sermon was on the topic of sin. What did the minister say?" "He was against it," the reticent Coolidge replied. 2. The corporal received the Silver Star for his int deepid deeds in combat.
Accost To approach; to speak to; to greet first(abhivadan karna)
1. An intrepid reporter accosted the Chief Executive: "Mr. President, we know that the sermon was on the topic of sin. What did the minister say?" "He was against it," the reticent Coolidge replied. 2. If a surly panhandler should accost you, keep on walking.
Reticent Silent
1. An intrepid reporter accosted the Chief Executive: "Mr. President, we know that the sermon was on the topic of sin. What did the minister say?" "He was against it," the reticent Coolidge replied. 2. Even under repeated questioning, the witness remained reticent. *Mnemonics - REHTA+SHANT....shant rehne waal i.e a person who doesn't talk or who is reserved in speech....
Furtive attempting to avoid notice or attention, typically because of guilt or a belief that discovery would lead to trouble; Secret, stealthy
1. Casting a furtive glance over his shoulder, the felon slipped out the main prison gate to be swallowed up in the British fog. 2. In a furtive manner she removed her shoes and tiptoed up to her room. *Mnemonics - One who is FARTive has to expel farts stealthily.
Felon a person guilty of a major crime
1. Casting a furtive glance over his shoulder, the felon slipped out the main prison gate to be swallowed up in the British fog. 2. Since the boss learned that Bob associated with a known felon, he fired him. *Mnemonics - felon sounds like fellow ... dirty fellow (who is a crook ,criminal...)
Plethora a large or excessive amount of something.
1. Casting a furtive glance over his shoulder, the felon slipped out the main prison gate to be swallowed up in the British fog. 2. When the teacher asked why the homework had not been done, he was greeted by a plethora of incredible alibis. *Mnemonics -Ple=Plenty of Something i.e,Excess
Hapless hap(good fortune) + less; unfortunate
1. Casting a furtive glance over his shoulder, the felon slipped out the main prison gate to be swallowed up in the British fog. 2. The hapless contest winner was unable to locate the lucky ticket
Irate angry, incensed
1. To compound* their problems, the officials were badgered* by irate citizens who accused the guards of accepting bribes from convicts whose motto was: "Stone walls do not a prison make, nor iron bars a cage." 2. My uncle was irate when the drunken driver swerved in front of us. *Mnemonics - When you get irritate, you becoome angry.
Pretext an excuse
1. Under the pretext of being a surgeon he gained entry to the hospital. 2. Her pretext of being tired did not fool us for an instant.
Fabricate to lie; to construct
1. When interviewed by the director, he had to fabricate a tale of his medical experience, but he was so adroit at lying that he got away with it. 2. Most fisherman can fabricate a story about the size of the one that got away.
Adroit skillful
1. When interviewed by the director, he had to fabricate a tale of his medical experience, but he was so adroit at lying that he got away with it. 2. My nephew is quite adroit at making model airplanes. *Mnemonics - Androids are a mix of human and machine, hence they are more dexterous than humans
Gesticulate move the arms energetically
1. It was not until the phony "doctor" began to gesticulate wildly with his scalpel, that a vigilant nurse was able to detect the fraud. 2. I often marvel as I watch the traffic officer gesticulate at the onrushing cars.
Vigilant watchful
1. It was not until the phony "doctor" began to gesticulate wildly with his scalpel, that a vigilant nurse was able to detect the fraud. 2. The shootings at Columbine High School made educators much more vigilant. *Mnemonics - VI-gi-LAN-t(vilan): vilan in movies are very WATCHFUL and ALERT of heros activities
Avid having or showing a keen interest in or enthusiasm for something; having an eager desire for
1. As an avid football fan, I try to see every game the Jets play. 2. Bill Clinton is an avid reader of mystery stories. *Mnemonics - a person is always eager to be in avid(a video)
Cajol persuade (someone) to do something by sustained coaxing or flattery (fuslana)
1. Whenever I can cajole my father into accompanying me, I try to do so. He has only a rudimentary knowledge of the game, and since I am steeped* in it, I enjoy explaining its intricate details to him. 2. The parakeet refused to be cajole into entering her cage.
Rudimentary involving or limited to basic principles; elementry
1. Whenever I can cajole my father into accompanying me, I try to do so. He has only a rudimentary knowledge of the game, and since I am steeped* in it, I enjoy explaining its intricate details to him. 2. Since my grasp of algebra is rudimentary, I cannot solve the problem. *Mnemonics - sedimentary=rudimentary.....sedimentary rock are used in the base or foundation of a building...hence rudimentary means basic or fundamental !!!!!!!
Enhance intensify, increase, or further improve the quality, value, or extent of
1. It certainly does enhance your appreciation of football when you are aware of every nuance of the sport. 2. It will enhance your enjoyment of an opera if you know what the plot is about in advance.
Nuance a subtle difference in or shade of meaning, expression, or sound; slight variation in meaning, tone, etc
1. It certainly does enhance your appreciation of football when you are aware of every nuance of the sport. 2. In reading the satires of Jonathan Swift, one must be vigilant* in order to catch each nuance. *Mnemonics - nuance = new + ounce.. and ounce is a very small unit for weight.. hence a very small difference..
Loathe feel intense dislike or disgust for; to hate
1. "If there's one thing I loathe," the coach said, "it's a quitter." 2. I loathe spinach but I love other green vegetables.
Reprimand a formal expression of disapproval
1. He had good reason to reprimand us at half-time, because the scoreboard revealed that we were losing, 4520. 2. When Ed arrived late, he knew that the grocer would reprimand him. *Mnemonics - mand refers to an order. mandatory => maintained by an order reprimand => reprove(disapprove) by order command => Ask by order
Lackluster lacking in vitality, force, or conviction; uninspired or uninspiring; dull; apathetic
1. Our lackluster performance indicated to him that we had forgotten the rudimentary* aspects of basketball. 2. Speaking in a monotone, the politician was booed for his lackluster address.
Caustic able to burn or corrode organic tissue by chemical action; sarcastic in a scathing and bitter way; marked by or given to using irony in order to mock or convey contempt
1. His caustic remarks fired us up, however, and we dashed out, determined to wrest control of the game from our rivals. 2. In a caustic article, the drama critic slaughtered the hapless* actors.
Wrest Take by force; forcibly pull (something) from a person's grasp
1. His caustic remarks fired us up, however, and we dashed out, determined to wrest control of the game from our rivals. 2. With the help of his brothers he was able to wrest the leadership of the company from his partner.
Infamous Notorious; well known for some bad quality or deed; having a bad reputation
1. Slippery Eddie, the infamous pickpocket, was back at work, and every detective had to be especially vigilant.* 2. The bombing of Pearl Harbor was referred to as an infamous deed.
Jostle push, elbow, or bump against (someone) roughly, typically in a crowd; to shove hard
1. Eddie's technique was to jostle a victim toward a confederate who would then slip the man's wallet out of his back pocket while Eddie was stammering an apology to the confused dupe. 2. When he attempted to jostile the old lady, she struck him with her umbrella.
Dupe a person easily tricked
1. Eddie's technique was to jostle a victim toward a confederate who would then slip the man's wallet out of his back pocket while Eddie was stammering an apology to the confused dupe. 2. The wealthy dupe consented to buy the often-sold Brooklyn Bridge.
incipient in(into, towards) + capare(to take); just beginning to exist
1. Within a week the incipient crimewave came to an end when Slippery Eddie inadvertently chose the chief of police for his victim. 2. By telling the truth, we stopped the incipient rumor from spreading.
inadvertent in(not) + [ad + verto(to turn)](turning the mind to); heedless, not attentive (asaavdhan)
1. Within a week the incipient crimewave came to an end when Slippery Eddie inadvertently chose the chief of police for his victim. 2. Through an inadvertent error, the guided missile sped out of control.
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