keywords:
Bookmark and Share



Front Back
Gluteus maximus
Origin- Iliac Crest
Insertion: Gluteal Tuberosity
Action: extends thigh @ hip joint and rotates thigh

Muscles of the Gluteal Region
Gluteus medius
Origin - Ilium
Insertion - Greater Trochanter of Femur
Action: Abducts thigh @ hip joint and medially rotates thigh

Muscles of the Gluteal Region
Gluteus minimus
Origin - Ilium
Insertion - Greater Trochanter of Femur
Action: Abducts thigh @ hip joint and medially rotates thigh

Muscles of the Gluteal Region
Piriformis
Origin - Anterior Sacrum 
Insertion - Superior border of greater trochanter of femur 
Action - laterally rotates and abducts thigh @ hip joint

Muscles of the Gluteal Region
Semimembranosus
Origin - Ischial tuberosity
Insertion - medial condyle of tibia 
Action - flexes leg at free joint and extends thigh @ hip joint
Muscles of the Posterior Thigh
Semitendinosus
Origin - Ischial tuberosity
Insertion -Proximal Part of medial surface of shaft of tibia
Action - flexes leg @ knee joint and extends thigh @ hip joint

Muscles of the Posterior thigh
Biceps Femoris
Origin - Long head arises from Ischial tuberosity and short head arises from linea aspera of femur Insertion - head of fibula and lateral condyle of tibia
Action - flexes at knee joint and extends thigh @ hip joint
Tibialis anterior

Origin - interosseous membrane Insert
ion - first metatarsal
Action - Dorsiflexes foot @ ankle joint

Muscles of the Anterior and Lateral Leg
Extensor digitorum longus

Origin - interosseous membrane Insert
ion - middle and distal phalanges of toes
Action - dorsiflexes foot @ ankle joint
Fibularis (Peroneus) longus

Origin - head and body of fibula Insert
ion - first metatarsal
Action - plantar flexes foot @ ankle joint

Muscles of the Anterior and Lateral Leg
Fibularis (Peroneus) brevis

Origin - body of fibula Insert
ion - base of 5th metatarsal
Action - plantarflexes foot @ ankle joint

Muscles of the Anterior and Lateral Leg
Extensor Hallucis longus

Origin - Interosseous membrane Insert
ion - distal phalanx of great toe
Action - dorsiflexes foot @ ankle joint Muscles of the Anterior and Lateral Leg
Tibialis Posterior

Origin - tibia Insert
ion - cuboid
Action - plantarflexes foot @ ankle joint

Muscles of the Anterior and Lateral Leg
Flexor digitorum longus

Origin - posterior surface of tibia Insert
ion - distal phalanges of toes 2-5
Action - plantarflexes foot @ ankle joint

Muscles of the Posterior Leg
Flexor Hollucis longus

Origin - Inferior two-thirds of fibula Insert
ion - distal phalanx of great toe
Action - plantarflexes foot @ ankle joint Muscles of the Posterior Leg
Plantaris

Origin - femur superior to lateral condyle Insert
ion - calcaneus by way of calcaneal (achilles) tendon
Action - plantarflexes foot @ ankle joint

Muscles of the Posterior Leg
Gastrocnemius

Origin - Lateral @ medial condyles of Femur and capsule of knee Insert
ion - Calcaneus by way calcaneal (achilles) tendon
Action - plantarflexes foot @ ankle joint

Muscles of the Posterior Leg
Soleus

Origin - head of fibula

Insertion - calcaneus by way of calcaneal (achilles) tendon
Action - plantarflexes foot @ ankle joint

Muscles of the Posterior Leg
Pectineus

Origin - pectineal line of pubis Insert
ion - distal to lesser trochanter of femur
Action - adducts & flexes thigh @ hip joint

Muscles of the Medial Thigh
Adductor brevis

Origin - inferior ramus of pubis Insert
ion - linea aspera of femur
Action - adducts & flexes thigh @ hip

Muscles of Medial Thigh
Adductor longus

Origin - Pubis - below pubic crest Insert
ion - linea aspera of femur
Action - adducts & flexes thigh @ hip

Muscles of the Medial Thigh
Adductor magnus

Origin - inferior ramus of pubis Insert
ion - linea aspera of femur
Action - adducts & flexes thigh @ hip

Muscles of the Medial Thigh
Gracilis

Origin - body & inferior ramus of pubis Insert
ion - medial surface of body of tibia
Action - adducts thigh @ hip join

Muscles of the Medial Thigh
Iliopsoas

- Psoasmajor
- Iliacus

Origin - Psoasmajor: transverse processes Iliacus: Sacrum Insert
ion - /w iliacus into lesser trochanter of femur /w psoasmajor into lesser trochanter of femur
Action - flex thigh @ hip joint

Muscles of Medial Thigh
Sartorius

Origin - Anterior Superior iliac spine
Insertion - medial surface of body of tibia

Action - weakly flexes leg @ knee joint

Muscles of the Anterior Thigh
Quadriceps femoris: Rectus femoris


Origin - anterior inferior iliac spine
Insert
ion - patella by common tendon which continues as patellar ligament to tibial tuberosity

Action - extends leg @ knee joint



Muscles of the Anterior Thigh
Vastus lateralis

Origin - greater trochanter & linea aspera of femur Insert
ion - Patella by common tendon which continues as patella ligament to tibial tuberosity
Action - extends leg @ knee joint Muscles of the Anterior Thigh
Vastus intermedius

Origin - Linea aspera of femur Insert
ion - patella by common tendon which continues as patellar ligament to tibial tuberosity
Action - extends leg @ knee joint

Muscles of the Anterior Thigh
Vastus medialis

Origin - anterior & lateral surfaces of body of femur Insert
ion - patella by common tendon which continues as patellar ligament to tibial tuberosity
Action - extends leg @ knee joint

Muscles of the Anterior Thigh
Tensor Fasciae latae

Origin - Iliac crest Insert
ion - tibia by way of the iliotibial tract
Action -flexes and abducts thigh @ hip joint

Muscles of the Gluteal Region
x of y cards