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alimentation
the process of providing nutrition to the body
metabolism
after becoming available to the body cells, nutrients are used for growth, generation of energy, and elimination of wastes
digestion system activities...
1. Ingestion
2. Digestion
3. Absorption
4. Elimination
ingestion
oral intake of substances
digestion
the mechanical and chemical conversion of food into substances that can be absorbed by cells
absorption
the process in chich the digested food molecules pass through the lining ot the small intestine into the blood or lymph capillaries
elimination
removal of undigested food particles
defecation
feces
three major classes of nutrients...
carbs, proteins, lipids (fats)
-ose
sugar
-ase
enzyme
-ation
action or process
bil/i
bile
chol/e
bile
cirrh/o
orange-yellow
de-
down, from, reversing, or removing
glycos/o
sugar
-orexia
appetite
-pepsia
digestion
vag/o
vagus nerve
viscer/o
viscera
digestion system divided into...
alementary canal (alimentary tract) and serveral organs that are considered acessorary organs
UPI
(upper gastrointestinal tract) consists of mouth, pharynx, esophogus, stomach
LGI
(lower gastrointestinal tract) made of of small and large intestines
cheil/o
lips
dent/i dent/o
teeth
odont/o
teeth
gingiv/o
gums
or/o
mouth
somat/o
mouth
esophag/o
esophagus
intestin/o
intestines
ener/o
intestines
duoden/o
duodenum
jejun/o
jejunum
ile/o
ilium
col/o
colon
colon/o
colon
append/o
appendix
cec/o
cecum
sigmoid/o
sigmoid
procto/o
anus or rectum
rect/o
rectum
an/o
anus
teeth from front to back
1. incisers (2)
2. cuspid/canine (1)
3. bicupsid (2)
4. molars (3)
3 divisions of intestine..
1. duodenum
2. jejunum
3. ileum
divisions of large intestine...
composed of the cecum, colon, rectum and anal canal
4 parts of colon
1. acending colon
2. transverse colon
3. decending colon
4. sigmoid colon
accesory organs of the digestive system
liver, gallbladdar, pancreas, salivary glands
liver produces...
bile
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