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Substance-related Disorder
One of the range of problems associated with the use and abuse of drugs such as alcohol, cocaine, heroin, and other substances people use to alter the way they think, feel, and behave. These are extremely costly in human and financial terms.
Impulse-control disorder
Disorder in which a person on an an irresistible, but potentially harmful, impulse.
Polysubstance use
Use of multiple mind-and-behavior-altering substances, such as drugs.
Psychoactive Substance
Substance, such as a drug, that alters mood or behavior.
Substance intoxication
Physiological reaction, such as impaired judgement and motor ability, as well as mood change, resulting from the ingestion of a psychoactive substance.
Substance Abuse
Pattern of psychoactive substance use leading to significant distress or impairment in social and occupational roles and in hazardous situations.
Substance Dependance
Maladaptive pattern of substance use characterized by the need for increased amounts to achieve the desired effect, negative physical effects when the substance is withdrawn, unsuccessful efforts to control its use, and substantial effort expended to seek it or recover from its effects. Also known as addiction.
Tolerance
Need for increased amounts of a substance to achieve the desired effect, and a diminished effect with continued use of the same amount.
Withdrawal
Severely negative physiological reaction to removal of a psychoactive substance, which can be alleviated by the same or a similar substance.
Withdrawal Delirium
Frightening hallucinations and body tremors that result when a heavy drinker withdraws from alcohol.
Depressant
Psychoactive substance that results in behavioral sedation; such substances include alcohol and the sedative, hypnotic, and anxiolytic drugs.
Stimulant
Psychoactive substance that elevates mood, activity, and alertness; such substances include amphetamines, caffeine, cocaine, and nicotine.
Opiate
Addictive psychoactive substance, such as heroin, opium, or morphine that causes temporary euphoria and analgesia (pain reduction).
Hallucinogen
Any psychoactive substance, such as LSD, marijuana, that can produce delusions, hallucinations, paranoia, and altered sensory perception.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
Pattern of problems, including learning difficulties, behavior deficits, and characteristic physical flaws, resulting from heavy drinking by the victims mother when she was pregnant with the victim.
Alcohol use disorder
Cognitive, biological, behavioral, and social problem associated with alcohol use and abuse.
Barbiturate
Sedative (and addictive) drug such as Amytal, Seconal, or Nembutal that is used as a sleep aid.
Benzodiazepine
Antianxiety drug such as Valium, Xanax, Dalmane, or Halcion also used to treat insomnia. Effective against anxiety (and, at high potency, panic disorder), they show some side effects, such as cognitive and motor impairment, and may result in substance dependence. Relapse rates are extremely high when such a drug is discontinued.
Amphetamine use disorder
Psychological, biological, behavioral, and social problems associated with amphetamine use and abuse.
Cocaine Use Disorder
Cognitive, biological, behavioral, and social problems associated with the use and abuse of cocaine.
Marijuana
Dried part of the hemp plant; a hallucinogen that is the most widely used illegal substance.
LSD (Lysergic Acid Diethylamide)
Most common hallucinogenic drug; a synthetic version of the grain fungus ergot.
Agonist Substitution
Replacement of a drug on which a person is dependent with one that has similar chemical makeup, an agonist. Used as a treatment for substance dependence.
Antagonist Drug
Medication that blocks or counteracts the effects of a psychoactive drug.
Controlled Drinking
A extremely controversial treatment approach to alcohol dependence, in which severe abusers are taught to drink in moderation.
Relapse Prevention
Extending therapeutic progress by teaching the client how to cope with future troubling situations.
intermittent explosive disorder
Episodes during which a person acts on aggressive impulses that result in serious assaults or destruction of property.
Kleptomania
Recurrent failure to resist urges to steal things not needed for personal use or their monetary value
Pyromania
An impulse-control disorder that involves having an irresistible urges to set fires.
Pathological Gambling
Persistent and recurrent maladaptive gambling behavior.
Trichotillomania
Peoples urge to pull out their own hair for anywhere on the body, including the scalp, eyebrows, and arm.
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