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Timbre
Tone color; a description of the “color” of sound; the quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another; the description/quality of sound
Drone
Hocket
Interlocking parts; using more than one instrument to play a melody in interlocking fashion
Heterophony
Literally “different sound;” performance of a single melody by two or more individuals who add their own rhythmic or melodic modifications. The “difference” comes from the individual variations and ornaments.
Aerophone
An instrument that produces sound by means of a moving air column (so called wind instruments, the majority activated by breath)
Chordophone
an instrument that produces sound by means of a vibrating string
Membranophone
An instrument that produces sound by means of a flexible vibrating membrane (the most common membranophones would be types of drums which have a flexible drumhead)
Idiophone
- Literally “self-sounding” – broadly defined as an instrument constructed of solid, non-stretchable material that produces sound without the addition of a stretched membrane, vibrating string or reed, and without application of an air column (that is, none of the above) - Sub-divisions: Concussion, Striking, Stamping, Shaking, Friction, Plucking
Metallophone
struck idiophone with rectangular metal keys
Circular breathing
technique for playing aerophone with continuous sound
Vocable
a sung syllable with no translatable meaning
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