Studydroid is shutting down on January 1st, 2019



keywords:
Bookmark and Share



Front Back
Cause of amenorrhea with normal prolactin, no response to estrogen-progesterone challenge, and a history of D&C.
Asherman''s syndrome
An elderly female presents with pain and stiffness of the shoulders and hips; she cannot lift her arms above her head. Labs show anemia and ↑ ESR.
Polymyalgia rheumatica
Supportive treatment for ARDS.
Continuous positive airway pressure
Hip and back pain along with stiffness that improves with activity over the course of the day and worsens at rest. Diagnostic test?
Suspect ankylosing spondylitis. Check HLA-B27
Pinkish, scaling, flat lesions on the chest and back. KOH prep has a "spaghetti-and-meatballs" appearance.
Pityriasis versicolor
The most common form of nephritic syndrome.
Membranous glomerulonephritis
Nontender abdominal mass associated with elevated VMA and HVA.
Neuroblastoma
Treatment of septic shock.
Fluids and antibiotics
Neutropenic nadir postchemotherapy.
7–10 days
Risk factors for DVT.
Stasis, endothelial injury and hypercoagulability (Virchow's triad)
Testicular cancer associated with β-hCG, AFP.
Choriocarcinoma
Non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) associated with hypercalcemia.
Squamous cell carcinoma
Acute-phase treatment for Kawasaki disease.
High-dose aspirin for inflammation and fever; IVIG to prevent coronary artery aneurysms
Acid-base disturbance commonly seen in pregnant women.
Respiratory alkalosis
Eight surgically correctable causes of hypertension.
Renal artery stenosis, coarctation of the aorta, pheochromocytoma, Conn's syndrome, Cushing's syndrome, unilateral renal parenchymal disease, hyperthyroidism, hyperparathyroidism
Reynolds' pentad.
Charcot's triad plus shock and mental status changes, with suppurative ascending cholangitis
Arthritis, conjunctivitis, and urethritis in young men. Associated organisms?
Reactive (Reiter's) arthritis. Associated with Campylobacter, Shigella, Salmonella, Chlamydia, and Ureaplasma
Common symptoms associated with silent MIs.
CHF, shock, and altered mental status
A 50-year-old woman leaks urine when laughing or coughing. Nonsurgical options?
Kegel exercises, estrogen, pessaries for stress incontinence
Classic CXR findings for pulmonary edema.
Cardiomegaly, prominent pulmonary vessels, Kerley B lines, "bat's-wing" appearance of hilar shadows, and perivascular and peribronchial cuffing.
Precipitants of hemolytic crisis in patients with G6PD deficiency.
Sulfonamides, antimalarial drugs, fava beans
First-line treatment for moderate hypercalcemia.
IV hydration and loop diuretics (furosemide)
Not contraindications to vaccination.
Mild illness and/or low-grade fever, current antibiotic therapy, and prematurity
↑ CO, ↓ PCWP, ↓ PVR.
Septic or anaphylactic shock
Two consecutive findings of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) on Pap smear. Follow-up evaluation?
Colposcopy and endocervical curettage
Glomerulonephritis with deafness.
Alport''s syndrome
A middle-aged man presents with acute-onset monoarticular joint pain and bilateral Bell's palsy. What is the likely diagnosis, and how did he get it? Treatment?
Lyme disease, Ixodes tick, doxycycline
Treatment for mild, persistent asthma.
Inhaled β-agonists and inhaled corticosteroids
Eosinophils in urine sediment.
Allergic interstitial nephritis
The most common 1° immunodeficiency.
Selective IgA deficiency
Conditions in which confidentiality must be overridden.
Real threat of harm to third parties; suicidal intentions; certain contagious diseases; elder and child abuse
Causes of exudative effusion.
Think of leaky capillaries. Malignancy, TB, bacterial or viral infection, pulmonary embolism with infarct, and pancreatitis
Contraceptive methods that protect against PID.
OCP and barrier contraception
Extraintestinal manifestations of IBD.
Uveitis, ankylosing spondylitis, pyoderma gangrenosum, erythema nodosum, 1° sclerosing cholangitis
An infant has a high fever and onset of rash as fever breaks. What is he at risk for?
Febrile seizures (roseola infantum)
How to diagnose and follow a leiomyoma.
Ultrasound
Elevated erythropoietin level, elevated hematocrit, and normal O2 saturation suggest?
RCC or other erythropoietin-producing tumor; evaluate with CT scan
x of y cards