Studydroid is shutting down on January 1st, 2019



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Beck's triad for cardiac tamponade.
Hypotension, distant heart sounds, and JVD
Treatment of DKA.
Fluids, insulin, and aggressive replacement of electrolytes (e.g., K+)
A 50-year-old man with a history of alcohol abuse presents with boring epigastric pain that radiates to the back and is relieved by sitting forward. Management?
Confirm the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis with elevated amylase and lipase. Make patient NPO and give IV fluids, O2, analgesia, and "tincture of time"
The most common causes of hypercalcemia.
Malignancy and hyperparathyroidism
Side effects of corticosteroids.
Acute mania, immunosuppression, thin skin, osteoporosis, easy bruising, myopathies
Difference between a cohort and a case-control study.
Cohort studies can be used to calculate relative risk (RR), incidence, and/or odds ratio (OR). Case-control studies can be used to calculate an OR
Prophylactic treatment for migraine.
β-blockers, Ca2+ channel blockers, TCAs
The most common cause of bloody nipple discharge.
Intraductal papilloma
A neonate has meconium ileus.
CF or Hirschsprung's disease
A late, life-threatening complication of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML).
Blast crisis (fever, bone pain, splenomegaly, pancytopenia)
The most common pituitary tumor. Treatment?
Prolactinoma. Dopamine agonists (e.g., bromocriptine)
Chromosomal pattern of a complete mole.
46,XX
Signs of active ischemia during stress testing.
Angina, ST-segment changes on ECG, or ↓ BP
Which healthy population is susceptible to UTIs?
Pregnant women. Treat this group aggressively because of potential complications
Definition of hypertension.
BP > 140/90 on three separate occasions two weeks apart
HUS triad?
Anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute renal failure
The most common cause of female infertility.
Endometriosis
Bone is fractured in fall on outstretched hand.
Distal radius (Colles'' fracture)
The most likely cause of acute lower GI bleed in patients > 40 years old.
Diverticulosis
Name the organism: ■ Branching rods in oral infection.
Actinomyces israelii
Complication of scaphoid fracture.
Avascular necrosis
Findings in 3° syphilis.
Tabes dorsalis, general paresis, gummas, Argyll Robertson pupil, aortitis, aortic root aneurysms
Diagnostic step required in a postmenopausal woman who presents with vaginal bleeding.
Endometrial biopsy
Treatment of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT).
Rate control with carotid massasge or other vagal stimulation
Rigidity and stiffness that progress to choreiform movements, accompanied by moodiness and altered behavior.
Huntington''''s disease
Treatment of cardiogenic shock.
Identify cause; pressors (e.g., dobutamine)
Key side effects of atypical antipsychotics.
Weight gain, type 2 DM, QT prolongation
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