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Mercator Projection
Parallels and meridians as straight lines. Not relative size--> rather meant to show you direction. Conformal Distorts away from the equator
Peters Projection
equal area projection. Show relative size of lands.
Great Circle
Divides Earth in half. All meridians. Equator is the only parralle.
Mental Map
refer to a person's personal point-of-view perception of their own world. Subjective to experiences and POV
Equator
sometimes referred to colloquially as "the Line") is the intersection of the Earth's surface with the plane perpendicular to the Earth's axis of rotation and containing the Earth's center of mass. In more simple language, it is an imaginary line on the Earth's surface approximately equidistant from the North Pole and South Pole that divides the Earth into a Northern Hemisphere and a Southern Hemisphere.
Latitude
Lines of Latitude are the horizontal lines shown running east-to-west on maps.
Parrallels
EAST TO WEST/WEST TO EAST - lines of latitude
longitude
the geographic coordinate most commonly used in cartography and global navigation for east-west measurement. A line of longitude is a north-south meridian and half of a great circle.
Meridians
(or line of longitude) is an imaginary arc on the Earth's surface from the North Pole to the South Pole that connects all locations running along it with a given longitude.
Standard Time Zones
A time zone is a region of the earth that has uniform standard time, usually referred to as the local time.
Tropic of Cancer
The Tropic of cancer, or Northern tropic, is one of five major degree measures or major circles of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. It is the northernmost latitude at which the Sun can appear directly overhead at noon. June Solstice.
Tropic of Capricorn
The Tropic of Capricorn, or Southern tropic, is one of the five major circles of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. It lies 23° 26′ 22″ south of the Equator, and marks the most southerly latitude at which the sun can appear directly overhead at noon. This event occurs at the December solstice, when the southern hemisphere is tilted towards the sun to its maximum extent.
Arctic Circle
The Arctic Circle is one of the five major circles of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. It is the parallel of latitude that runs 66° 33′39″ (or 66.56083°) north of the Equator.
Antarctic Circle
The Antarctic Circle is one of the five major circles (or parallels) of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. As of 2000, it lies at latitude 66° 33′ 39″ (or 66.56083°) south of the equator.
conformal
Since no conformal map can be equal-area (most in fact grossly distort dimensions far from the center of the map
equal-area
An equal-area (also called equivalent, equiareal or authalic) projection preserves areal relationships;
cylindrical
projection in which meridians are mapped to equally spaced vertical lines and circles of latitude (parallels) are mapped to horizontal lines. Seemingly distorted poles. "Rolled up piece of paper, cylinder shape, map projected, and then unrolled and cut on a meridian.
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