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Statistics compiled by the NFPA historically show that of all firefighter injuries and deaths in the U.S. are caused by vehicle collisions while responding to or returning from emergency calls. A. 10 to 15 percent B. 15 to 20 percent C. 20 to 25 percent D. 25 to 30 percent
C. 20 to 25 percent
Which of the following seldom causes serious injury or death, but accounts for a significant portion of overall damage costs? A. Excessive speed by the public B. Reckless driving by the public C. Improper backing of the apparatus D. Poor apparatus design or maintenance
C. Improper backing of the apparatus
Excessive speed by the fire apparatus driver/operator can result in which of the following? A. Unpredictable behavior of public B. Vehicle system failure, especially in braking system C. Inability to recognize a dangerous situation D. Inability of driver/operator to stop in time to avoid a collision with another vehicle
D. Inability of driver/operator to stop in time to avoid a collision with another vehicle
Which of the following is NOT a factor that contributes to collisions that involve driver/operator error as the cause? A. Insecurity in one\'s driving ability B. Misunderstanding of apparatus capabilities C. Inability to recognize a dangerous situation D. Lack of knowledge about how to operate the controls of an apparatus in an emergency
A. Insecurity in one\'s driving ability
Which of the following statements about driving regulations is TRUE? A. Fire apparatus driver/operators are exempt from rules and regulations governing other vehicle operators. B. Emergency vehicles are exempt from laws requiring vehicles to stop for school buses that are flashing signal lights. C. In some jurisdictions, statutes may exempt emergency vehicles from driving regulations when returning to quarters from an alarm. D. If a driver/operator does not obey driving regulations and is involved in a collision, both the driver/operator and the fire department may be held responsible.
D. If a driver/operator does not obey driving regulations and is involved in a collision, both the driver/operator and the fire department may be held responsible.
Which of the following statements about driving regulations is FALSE? A. All traffic signals and rules must be obeyed during nonemergency driving. B. Driving regulations pertain to dry, clear roads during nighttime conditions. C. Driver/operators should adjust speeds to compensate for conditions such as wet roads and fog. D. When exempted from statutes, driver/operators must exercise care for the safety of others and maintain complete control of the vehicle.
B. Driving regulations pertain to dry, clear roads during nighttime conditions.
What is the first step in starting a vehicle? A. Start the engine. B. Disconnect all ground shore lines. C. Turn on the vehicle battery or batteries. D. Allow air to build up in the brake system.
B. Disconnect all ground shore lines.
When starting a vehicle, if the oil pressure gauge does not indicate any reasonable amount of oil pressure within of starting the apparatus, stop the engine immediately. A. 1 to 2 seconds B. 2 to 5 seconds C. 5 to 10 seconds D. 1 to 3 minutes
C. 5 to 10 seconds
When driving a manual transmission apparatus, depress the WHAT? with your left foot, depress the service brake pedal with your right foot, and release the parking brake. A. clutch pedal B. gear shift C. accelerator D. parking brake
A. clutch pedal
When driving a manual transmission apparatus, keep the apparatus in low gear until the WHAT? is reached for shifting to a higher gear. A. proper speed B. proper pressure C. proper temperature D. proper amount of time
A. proper speed
When climbing a hill in a manual transmission apparatus, shift the transmission to: A. overdrive. B. a lower gear. C. a higher gear. D. four-wheel drive.
B. a lower gear.
Once an automatic transmission apparatus is ready to move, depress the and move it to the appropriate gear selection. A. gear shift B. clutch pedal C. start button lever D. interlock on the shifter
D. interlock on the shifter
On automatic transmission apparatus, be aware that the influences automatic shifting. A. length of the clutch shifter B. pressure placed upon the accelerator C. pressure placed upon the clutch pedal D. pressure placed upon the brake pedal
B. pressure placed upon the accelerator
When cruising in an apparatus, do not try to reach rated speed in the: A. low gears. B. high gears. C. drive gears. D. overdrive mode.
A. low gears.
When driving an apparatus, stay in the highest gear that allows the apparatus to and still have some power in reserve for acceleration. A. lug B. idle in neutral C. keep up with traffic D. reach 400 to 500 rpm
C. keep up with traffic
What should be avoided in order to reduce lugging? A. Overthrottling B. Downshifting C. Clutch burnout D. Riding the clutch
A. Overthrottling
Which of the following is NOT a consideration when stopping the apparatus? A. Weight of apparatus B. Length of apparatus C. Condition of brakes D. Condition of road surface
B. Length of apparatus
Which of the following provide most of the necessary slowing action when stopping an apparatus? A. Engine brakes B. Parking brakes C. Catalytic converters D. Braking retarders
A. Engine brakes
When the engine must be left to idle for an extended period of time, at what should the idle be set? A. 300 to 400 rpm B. 500 to 650 rpm C. 700 to 900 rpm D. 900 to 1,100 rpm
D. 900 to 1,100 rpm
If diesel engines are to be left idling, they should be set at: A. Slow idle B. Low idle C. High idle D. Regular idle
C. High idle
Except when in an atmosphere containing flammable gases or vapors, never shut down immediately after full-load operation; instead, allow the engine temperature to stabilize by idling it minutes before shutdown. A. l to 2 B. 3 to 5 C. 5 to 8 D. 5 to 10
B. 3 to 5
The first element in learning to drive safely is to: A. demand the right-of-way. B. always wear your safety belt. C. develop a safety-conscious attitude. D. consider the fire department\'s public image.
C. develop a safety-conscious attitude.
Which of the following is NOT an exception to the NFPA 1500 seated and belted requirement? A. When loading hose back onto a fire apparatus B. When riding in enclosed cages on the front of a brush truck C. When providing patient care in the back of an ambulance D. When performing training for personnel learning to drive a tiller
B. When riding in enclosed cages on the front of a brush truck
Which of the following statements about loading large diameter hose is TRUE? A. The area in which the hose loading is performed must be closed to other vehicular traffic. B. The area in which the hose loading is performed must be cleared and swept of any debris. C. The apparatus must be driven in a backward direction at a speed no greater than 5 mph (8 km/h). D. At least one member must be standing in the hose bed in order to have complete visual contact with the hose-loading operation.
A. The area in which the hose loading is performed must be closed to other vehicular traffic.
Which of the following statements about backing a fire apparatus is TRUE? A. Whenever possible, the driver/operator should avoid backing the apparatus. B. It is often faster to back the apparatus than to drive around the block and start again. C. It is safer and easier to back the apparatus than to drive around the block and start again. D. When backing is necessary, there should be at least two firefighters assigned to communicate with the driver/operator.
A. Whenever possible, the driver/operator should avoid backing the apparatus.
Some SOPs require the driver/operator to ??WHAT?? before backing a vehicle that is not equipped with an alarm system to warn others that the apparatus is backing. A. sound the siren B. sound the horn twice C. turn on emergency lights D. sound the siren and turn on emergency lights
B. sound the horn twice
What should be done when approaching a visually obstructed intersection? A. Look right and left, and proceed as usual. B. Bring the apparatus to a complete stop before proceeding slowly C. Proceed as usual if faced with a green signal light. D. Slow the apparatus to a speed that allows a stop if necessary
B. Bring the apparatus to a complete stop before proceeding slowly
If departmental SOPs allow, what should be done at a red signal light? A. Slow the apparatus to a speed that allows a stop if necessary. B. Bring the apparatus to a complete stop and wait for the light to turn green. C. Ensure that all lanes of traffic are yielding to the apparatus and proceed as usual. D. Come to a complete stop and assure that all lanes of traffic are yielding to the apparatus before proceeding.
D. Come to a complete stop and assure that all lanes of traffic are yielding to the apparatus before proceeding.
Which of the following is visual lead time? A. The sum of the driver/operator\'s reaction distance and the vehicle\'s braking distance B. The distance the vehicle travels from the time the brakes are applied until the apparatus comes to a complete stop C. The scanning by driver/operators far enough ahead of the apparatus to ensure that evasive action can be taken if necessary D. The distance a vehicle travels while a driver is transferring the foot from the accelerator to the brake pedal after perceiving the need for stopping
C. The scanning by driver/operators far enough ahead of the apparatus to ensure that evasive action can be taken if necessary
Which of the following is reaction distance? A. The sum of the driver/operator\'s reaction distance and the vehicle\'s braking distance B. The distance the vehicle travels from the time the brakes are applied until the apparatus comes to a complete stop C. The scanning of driver/operators far enough ahead of the apparatus to ensure that evasive action can be taken if necessary D. The distance a vehicle travels while a driver is transferring the foot from the accelerator to the brake pedal after perceiving the need for stopping
D. The distance a vehicle travels while a driver is transferring the foot from the accelerator to the brake pedal after perceiving the need for stopping
Which of the following statements about stopping the apparatus is FALSE? A. At an equal speed, apparatus of differing weights will stop at equal distances. B. The ability of the apparatus to stop is negatively affected by steep, wet, snowy, or icy roads. C. A vehicle with properly maintained brakes will stop faster than one with brakes in disrepair. D. It will take a greater distance to stop a vehicle that is going 50 mph (80 km/h) than the same vehicle when it is traveling 30 mph (48 km/h).
A. At an equal speed, apparatus of differing weights will stop at equal distances.
Whenever a vehicle undergoes a change in speed or direction, weight transfer takes place relative to: A. the severity of change. B. the velocity of change. C. the rate and degree of change. D. the speed at which the apparatus is traveling.
C. the rate and degree of change.
Which of the following braking systems incorporate \"dry road/slippery road\" switches? A. Antilock braking system B. Front brake-limiting valve type C. Electromagnetic braking system D. Antilock braking system with automatic traction control
B. Front brake-limiting valve type
Which of the following braking systems have a snow-and-mud switch? A. Antilock braking system B. Front brake-limiting valve type C. Electromagnetic braking system D. Antilock braking system with automatic traction control
D. Antilock braking system with automatic traction control
Whenever possible, avoid passing vehicles that do not: A. slow down when the apparatus approaches. B. acknowledge eye contact, sirens, and warning lights. C. pull over or yield the right-of-way to the fire apparatus. D. blink their lights or acknowledge the apparatus with a hand signal.
C. pull over or yield the right-of-way to the fire apparatus.
Avoid passing vehicles: A. at night. B. on the left. C. on the right. D. during rush hour
C. on the right.
When driving in adverse weather, decrease speed gradually, slow down when approaching curves, keep off low or soft shoulders, and avoid: A. braking. B. upshifting. C. downshifting. D. sudden turns.
D. sudden turns.
When driving in adverse weather, recognize areas that become slippery first, such as bridge surfaces, ??BLANK?? slopes of hills, shaded spots, and areas where snow is blowing across the roadway. A. eastern B. western C. northern D. southern
C. northern
When driving in adverse weather, ??BLANK?? the brakes while in an area free of traffic to find out how slippery the road is and to determine your approximate stopping distance. A. set B. test C. pump D. release
B. test
Remember that it takes times more distance for a vehicle to come to a complete stop on snow and ice than it does on dry concrete. A. 2 to 3 B. 3 to 15 C. 4 to 20 D. 5 to 25
B. 3 to 15
Which of the following statements regarding warning devices is FALSE? A. Turn headlights on while responding, even during daylight hours. B. Do not leave spotlights shining on vehicles, because this blinds the driver. C. Use sirens for all responses and not just emergency response situations. D. Use discretion in the use of sirens when responding to sensitive situations, such as psychiatric emergencies.
C. Use sirens for all responses and not just emergency response situations.
When more than one emergency vehicle is responding along the same route, travel at least apart. A. 50 to 100 feet (15 m to 30 m) B. 200 to 300 feet (60 m to 90 m) C. 300 to 500 feet (90 m to 150 m) D. 600 to 1,000 feet (185 m to 305 m)
C. 300 to 500 feet (90 m to 150 m)
Turn off some of the apparatus\' warning lights once it is parked so as not to: A. overheat the emergency area. B. redefine the emergency area for members of the emergency teams. C. overpower the effectiveness of the reflective trim on the firefighters\' clothing. D. interfere with pump pressures and generating equipment in the emergency area.
C. overpower the effectiveness of the reflective trim on the firefighters\' clothing.
Which of the following traffic control devices stops the flow of traffic so that the apparatus can exit safely? A. Light-activated system B. Siren-activated system C. Multiple traffic signal control D. Traffic signal in front of the fire station
D. Traffic signal in front of the fire station
Which of the following traffic control devices provides green lights for the direction that the apparatus is traveling and red signals in all other directions? A. Light-activated system B. Siren-activated system C. Multiple traffic signal control D. Traffic signal in front of the fire station
A. Light-activated system
Written tests for driver/operators may include questions pertaining to which of the following areas? A. Writing abilities B. Reading comprehension C. Organizational abilities D. Hydraulic calculations
D. Hydraulic calculations
Which of the following is NOT a type of driving exercise required by NFPA 1002? A. Alley dock B. Parallel parking C. Serpentine course D. Diminishing-clearance
B. Parallel parking
Which driving exercise simulates maneuvering around parked and stopped vehicles and tight corners? A. Alley dock B. Serpentine course C. Diminishing-clearance D. Confined space turnaround
B. Serpentine course
Which driving exercise measures a driver/operator\'s ability to steer the apparatus in a straight line, to judge distances from wheel to object, and to stop at a finish line? A. Alley dock B. Parallel parking C. Diminishing-clearance D. Confined space turnaround
C. Diminishing-clearance
Data show that fire apparatus collisions at intersections are the most frequent and the most severe.
TRUE
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