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Immigration
migration into a place (especially migration to a country of which you are not a native in order to settle there)
Emigration
act of leaving one's native country or region to settle in another. It is the same as immigration but from the perspective of the country of origin.
Forced Migration
refers to the coerced movement of a person or persons away from their home or home region.
Internal Migration
refers to a move from one area (a province, district or municipality) to another within one country
Push/Pull Factors
1. Push Factors: Conditions that drive people to leave their homes Examples: Land scarce in home country Political and/or religious persecution Revolutions Poverty 2. Pull Factors: Conditions that attract people to a new area Examples: Promise of freedom (religious and political) Hope for a new life Industry Jobs Land “Streets paved with gold”
Urbanization
physical growth of rural or natural land into urban areas as a result of population im-migration to an existing urban area. Effects include change in density and administration services
Mechanization of agriculture
process of using agricultural machinery to massively increase farm output. In modern times, powered machinery has replaced many jobs formerly carried out by men or animals such as oxen and horses.
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