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Adipose
Tissue that gives smoothness and contour to the body, contains fats for use as energy and also acts as a protective cusion for the outer skin
Basal Cell Layer
Also known as the stratum Germinativum layer; the deepest live layer of the epidermis that produces new epidermal skin cells and is responsible for growth
Blood
Nurtitive fluid circulating through the circulatory system (heart, veins, arteries, and capillaries) to supply oxygen and nutrients to cells and tissues, and to remove carbon dioxide and waste from them
Collagen
Fibrous protein that gives the skin form and strength
Comedone
Pore impaction that could lead to an acne papule or pustule
Dermatologist
Physician engaged in the science of treating the skin, including its structures, functions, and diseases
Dermatology
Medical branch of science that deals with the study of skin and its nature, structure, functions, and diseases
Dermis
Underlying or inner layer of the skin; also known as the derma, corium, cutis, or true skin
Elastin
Protein base similar to collagen that forms elastic tissue
Epidermal-dermal Junction
The top of the papillary layer where it joins the epidermis
Epidermis
Outermost layer of the skin; also called cuticle
Estetician
Specialist in the cleansing, preservation of health, and beautification of the skin and body
Keratin
Fiber protein that is the principal component of hair and nails
Melanin
Tiny grains of pigment deposited in the basal cell layer of the epidermis and papillary layers of the dermis
Melanocytes
Melanin-forming cells
Motor Nerve Fibers
Distributed to the arrector pili muscles attached to the hair follicles
Papillary Layer
Outer layer of the dermis, directly beneath the epidermis
Reticular Layer
Deeper layer of the dermis that supplies the skin with oxygen and nutrients; contains cells, vessels, glands, and follicles
Retinoic Acid
Prescription cream for acne
Sebaceous Glands
Oil glands of the skin connected to hair follicles
Secretory Coil
Coiled base of sweat glands
Secretory Nerve Fibers
Distributed to the sweat and oil glands of the skin
Sensory Nerve Fibers
React to heat, cold, touch, pressure, and pain.  These sensory receptors send messages to the brain
Stratum Corneum
Outer layer of the epidermis
Stratum Germinativum
Also known as the basal cell layer, the deepest live layer of the epidermis that produces new epidermal skin cells and is responsible for growth
Stratum Granulosum
Granular layer of the epidermis
Stratum Lucidum
Clear, transparent layer just under the skin surface
Stratum Spinosum
Spiny Layer of the epidermis
Subcutaneous Tissue
Fatty layer found below the dermis that gives smoothness and contour to the body, contains fat for use as energy, and also acts as a protective cusion for the outer skin; also called adipose or subcutis tissue
Subcutis
See "adipose"
Sudoriferous Glands
Sweat glands of the skin
Tactile Corpuscles
Small epidermal structures with nerve endings that are sensitive to touch and pressure
Vitamiin A
Aids in the health, function, and repair of skin cells
Vitamin C
Is needed for proper repair of the skin and various tissues
Vitamin D
Promotes the healthy and rapid healing of the skin
Vitamin E
Helps fight against, and protect the skin from the harmful effects of the sun's rays
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