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albuminuria
Presence of serum protein in the urine.



albumin: protein

-uria: urine
antiduretic
Pertaining to a medication that decreases urine secretion.

di(a)-complete/through

uret: urine
anuria
Without the formation of urine.



an: without

-uria: urine
bacteriuria
Presence of bacteria in the urine.



bacter/i: bacteria
calciuria
Presence of calcium in the urine.



calc/i: calcium

-uria: urine
calculus
Pebble; any abnormal concretion (stone); plural: calculi
catheter
Tube of elastic, elastic web, rubber, glass, metal, or plastic that is inserted into a body cavity to remove fluid or to inject fluid.
cystectomy
Surgical excision of the bladder or part of the bladder.



cyst: bladder

-ectomy: surgical removal
cystitis
Inflammation of the bladder.



cyst: bladder

-itis: inflammation
cystocele
Hernia of the bladder that protrudes into the virgina.




cyst/o: bladder

-cele: hernia
cystodynia
Pain in the bladder; commonly called cystalgia.



cyst/o: bladder

-dynia: pain
cystogram
X-ray record of the bladder



cyst/o: bladder

-gram: a mark, record
cystolithectomy
Surgical excision of a stone from the bladder.
cystoscope
Instrument used for examination of the bladder.



cyst/o: bladder

-scope: instrument for examining
dialysis
Procedure to separate waste material from the blood and to maintain fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance in impaired kidney function or in the absence of the kidney.



-lysis: destruction, to separate
diuresis
Condition of increased or excessive flow or urine; occurs in conditions such as diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, and acute renal failure. Diuretics also produce diuresis.

di(a): complete, through
-ur: urinate
-esis: condition
dysuria
Difficult or painful urination.



dys: difficult, painful

-uria: urine
edema
Abnormal condition in which the body tissues contain an accumulation of fluid.
enuresis
Condition of involuntary emission of urine; bedwetting.

en: within
ur: urinate
-esis: condition
excretory
Pertaining to the elimination of waste products form the body.



excretor: sifted out

-y: pertaining to
extracorporeal shock wave lithotriptor (ESWL)
Device used to crush kidney stones (renal calculi).
glomerular
Pertaining to the glomerulus.



glomerul/o: little ball, glomerulus.
glomerulitis
Inflammation of the renal glomeruli.

glomerul/o: little ball, glomerulus.
-itis: inflammation
glomerulonephritis
Inflammation of the kidney involving primarily the glomeruli. There are three types: acute, chronic, and subacute.



glomerul/o: little ball, glomerulus

nephr: kidney

-itis: inflammation
glycosuria
Presence of glucose in the urine.



glycos: glucose; sugar
hematuria
Presence of blood in the urine.



hemat: blood
hemodialysis (HD)
Use of artificial kidney to separate wastes from the blood.
hydronephrosis
Condition in which urine collects in the renal pelvis because of an obstructed outflow, thereby forming distention and atrophy of the kidney; can be caused by renal calculi, tumor, or hyperplasia of the prostate gland.



hydro: water

nephr: kidney

-osis: condition
hypercalciuria
Excessive amount of calcium in the urine.



hyper: excessive

calci: calcium
incontinence
Inability to hold or control urination of defecation.



in: not

continence: to hold
interstitial cystitis (IC)
Chronically irritable and painful inflammation of the bladder wall.
ketouria
Presence of ketones in the urine resulting from breakdown of fats due to faulty carbohydrate metabolism. It occurs primarily as a complication of diabetes mellitus; also called ketoacidosis.
lithotripsy
Crushing a kidney stone.



lith/o: stone

-tripsy: crushing
meatotomy
Incision of the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening.

meat/o: passage
-tomy: incision
meatus
Opening or passage; the external opening of the urethra.
micturition
Process of urination.



micturit: to urinate

-ion: process
nephrectomy
Surgical excision of a kidney.




nephr: kidney

-ectomy: surgical excision
nephritis
Inflammation of the kidney.

nephr: kidney

-itis: inflammation
nephrocystitis
Inflammation of the bladder and the kidney.



nephr/o: kidney

cyst: bladder
nephrolith
Kidney stones, calculus.
nephrology
Study of the kidney.
Nephroma
Kidney tumor.
nephron
Structural and functional unit of the kidney.
nephropathy
Disease of the kidney.



nephr/o: kidney

-pathy: disease
nephrosclerosis
Condition of hardening of the kidney.



scler: hardening
nocturia
Excessive urination during the night.



noct: night

-uria: urine
oliguria
Scanty urination.



olig: scanty

percutaneous ultrasonic lithotripsy (PUL)
Crushing of a kidney stone by using ultrasound. This is an invasive surgical procedure performed by using a nephroscope or fluoroscopy.



per: through

cutan/e: skin

ultra: beyond

son: sound

ic: pertaining to

lith/o: stone

-tripsy: crushing
peritoneal dialysis
Separation of waste from teh blood by using a peritoneal catheter and dialysis. Two types; IPD - intermittent, CAPD-: continous ambulatory.
periurethral
Pertaining to around the urethra.
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