keywords:
Bookmark and Share



Front Back
acidosis
Condition of excessive acidity of body fluids.



acid: acid
acromegaly
Chronic disease characterized by a gradual marked enlargement and elongation of the bones of the face, jaw, and extremities. It is caused by overproduction of growth hormone and is treated by x-ray and surgery.



acr/o: extremity

-megaly: enlargement, large
Addison's disease
Results from a deficiency in the secretion of adrenocoritcal hormones; also called hypoadrenocorticism.
adenectomy
Surgical excision of a gland.



aden: gland

-ectomy: surgical excision
adenoma
Tumor of a gland.



aden: gland

-oma: tumor
adenosis
Any disease condition of a gland.



aden: gland

-osis: condition
adrenal
Pertaining to the adrenal glands, triangular bodies that cover the superior surface of the kidneys; also called suprarenal glands.
adrenalectomy
Surgical excision of an adrenal gland.
adrenopathy
Any disease of an adrenal gland.

adren/o: adrenal gland

-pathy: diease
aldosterone
Mineralocorticoid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex that helps regular metabolism of sodium, chloride, and potassium
androgen
Hormones that produce or stimulate the development of male characteristics. The two major androgens are testosterone and androsterone.
catecholamines
Biochemical substances, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine.
cortisone
Glucocorticoid hormone that is isolated from the adrenal cortex; used as an anti-inflammatory agent.

cortis: cortex
-one: hormone
cretinism
Congenital condition caused by deficiency in secretion of the thyroid hormones and characterized by arrested physical and mental development. Treatment consist of appropriate thyroid replacement therapy.

cretin: cretin
-ism: condition
Cushing's disease
Results from hypersecretion of cortisol; symptoms include fatigue, muscular weakness, and changes in body appearance. Prolonged administration of large doses of ACTH can cause Cushing's syndrome. A buffalo hump and a moon face are characteristic signs of this condition.
Diabetes
General term used to describe diseases characterized by excessive discharge of urine.
dopamine
Intermediate substance in the synthesis of norepinephrine; used in the treatment of shock because it acts to elevate blood pressure and increase urinary output.
dwarfism
Condition of being abnormally small.



dwarf: small

-ism: condition
endocrine
Ductless gland that produces an internal secretion.



endo-: within

crine: to secrete
endocrinologist
Physician who specializes in the study of the endocrine glands.



endo-: within

crine: to secrete
endocrinology
Study of the endocrine glands.



endo: within

crin/o: to secrete
epinephrine
Hormone produced by the adrenal medulla; sued as a vasoconstrictor and cardiac stimulant to relax bronchospasm and to relieve allergic symptoms; aka adrenaline, Adrenalin.

epi: upon
nephr: kidney
-ine: substance
euthyroid
Normal activity of the thyroid gland.



eu-: good, normal

thyr: thyroid, shield

-oid: resemble
exocrine
External secretion of a gland.




exo-: out, away from

crine: to secrete
exophthalmic
Pertaining to an abnormal protusion of the eye as often seen in exophthalmic goiter or exophthalmos seen in Graves'' disease.



opthalm: eye

galactorrhea
Excessive secretion of milk after cessation of nursing.



galact/o: milk

-rrhea: flow, discharge
gigantism
Condition of being abnormally large.



gigant: giant
glandular
Pertaining to a gland.



glandul: little acorn
glucocorticoid
General classification of the adrenal cortical hormones.



gluc/o: sweet, sugar

cortic: cortex

-oid: resemble
hirsutism
Abnormal condition characterized by excessive growth of hair , especially in women.



hirsut: hairy

-ism: condition
hormone
Chemical substance produced by the endocrine gland.
hydrocortisone
Glucocorticoid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex; used as an anti-inflammatory agent.

hyrdo: water
cortis: cortex
-one: hormone
hypergonadism
Condition of excessive secretion of the sex gland.



hyper-: excessive

gonad: seed
hyperinsulinism
Condition of excessive amounts of insulin in the blood.



hyper: excessive

insulin: insulin
hyperkalemia
Condition of excessive amount of potassium in the blood.

kal: potassium
-emia: blood condition
hyperthyroidism
Excessive secretion of thyroid hormone.



thyr: shield, thyroid
hypogonadism
Condition caused by deficient internal secretion of the gonads.



hypo: deficient

gonad: seed
hypoparathyroidism
Deficient internal secretion of the parathyroid glands.



hypo: deficient

thyr: shield, thyroid

para: beside

oid: resemble
hypophysis
Any undergrowth; the pituitary body.

hypo-: deficient, under
-physis: growth
hypothyroidism
Deficient secretion of thyroid hormone.
insulin
Hormone produced by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas; acts to regulate metabolism of glucose and the process necessary for intermediary metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins;



insul: insulin, island

-in: chemical
insulinogenic
Formation of production of insulin.



insulin/o: insuiln, island

-genic: formation, produce
iodine
Trace mineral that aids in the development and functioning of the thyroid gland..
lethargic
Pertaining to drowsiness, sluggish.



letharg: drowsiness
myxedema
Literally means condition of mucus swelling; is the most severe form of hypothyroidism, characterized by marked edema of the face, a somnolent look, and hair that is stiff and without luster.

myx: mucus
-edema: swelling
norepinephrine
Hormone produced by the adrenal medulla: used as a vasoconstrictor of peripheral blood vessels in acute hypotensive states.



nor-: not

epi: upon

nephr: kidney

-ine: substance
oxytocin
Hormone that stimulates uterine contraction during childbirth and stimulates the release of milk during suckling.
pancreatic
Pertaining to the pancreas



pancreat: pancreas
parathyroid gland
Endocrine glands located beside the thyroid gland.



para: beside

thyr: thyroid, shield

-oid: resemble
pineal
Endocrine gland shaped like a small pine cone.

pine: pine cone
-al: pertaining to
x of y cards Next >|