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Bloodborne pathogens
short for biological hazard, anything potentially harmful to health
Centers for disease control and prevention- a division of the us public health service charged with the investigation and control of disease with epidemic potential.
Chain of infection
a number of components or events that when present in a series lead to an infection
engineering controls
devices such as sharps disposal containers and needles with safty features that isolate or remove a bloodborne pathogen hazard from the work place
enviromental protection agaency
Fire tetrahedron
the latest way of looking at the chemistry of fire in which the  chemical reaction that produces fire is added as a forth component to the traditional fire triangle components of fuel, heat and oxygen
inanimate objects such as countertops and computer keyboards that can harbor materical containing infectious agents
OSHA Hazardous communication standard
hepatitis B virus; the virus that causes hepatitis b
Hepatitis C Virus; the  virus that causes hepatits c.
Hospital infection control practices advisory committee
human immunodeficency virus; the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
protected from or resistant to a particular disease or infection because of the development of anitibody against a particular vaccination or recovery
infectious/ causative agent
the pathogen responsible for causeing an infection; also called causative agent.
Isolation procedures
isolation procedures separate patients with certain transmissible infections.
short for microorganism; a microscopic organism or one that is not visible to the naked eye.
material safety data sheets
pertaining to an abnormally small number of neutrophil cells in the blood
National Institute for Occupational safety and health requires anyone who enters the room of a patient who has an airborne disease to wear a special N 95 respirator (mask)
nosocomial infection
an infection acquired in a healthcare facility
occupational safety and health administration
any route other than the digestive tract
capable of causing disease
microbes capable of causing disease
through the skin
through mucous membranes
personal protective equipment
the source of an infectious microorganism
reverse isolation
same as protective isolation
erse isolation
same as protective isolation
standard precaustions
precautions to use in caring for all patients regardless of diagnosis or presumed infectious status that are intended to minimize the risk of infecction transmission from both recognized and unrecognized sources. Tehy apply to blook, all body fluids, non intackt skin, and mucous membranes.
susceptable host
an individual who has little resistance t an infectious agent.
transmission based precautions
precautions used in addition to standard precautions for patients known or suspected to be infected or colonized with highly transmissible or epidemioloically significant pathogens
vector transmission
transmission of an infectioniousagent by an insect, arthropod, or animal
vehicle transmission
transmission of an infectious agent through contaminated food, water, drugs, or transfusion of blood.
work practice controls
Practices that alter the manner in which a task is performed to reduce the likelihood of bloodborne pathogen exposure.
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