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corpus callosum
connects the two cerebral hemispheres
medulla
controls vital functions like heartbeat and respiration
hippocampus
associated with short term memory
pons
relays messages between the cerebrum and the cerebellum
pituitary gland
master gland of the body that controls hormone secretion
ventricles
contain cerebrospinal fluid
occipital lobe
receives and interprets visual sensory messages
temporal lobe
involved in hearing and smell
acetylcholine
most common neurotransmitter in the body
frontal lobe
site of logic and reasoning
parietal lobe
handles all sensory info except vision
thalamus
relay station for sensory information
pineal gland
produces the hormone melatonin that influences wake/sleep cycles
cerebellum
controls balance and equilibrium
optic chiasm
where the optic nerves cross over
gray matter
made up of nerve cell bodies
white matter
made up of nerve axons
hypothalamus
regulates body temperature
gyri and sulci
increase the surface area of the cerebrum
olfactory bulb
involved in the sense of smell
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