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Mental Health
Successful performance of mental functions, resulting in the ability to engage in productive activities, enjoy fullfilling relationships, and change or cope with adversity.
Mental Illness
A clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome experienced by a person and marked by distress, disability, or the risk of suffering disability or loss of freedom.
The ability to recover from or adjust easily to misfortune and change
Signs of Mental Health
2)Control over behavior
3)Appraisal of reality
4)Effectiveness in work
5)A healthy self-concept
6)Satisfying relationships
7)Effective coping strategies
Signs of mental illness
1)Major Depressive episode
2)Control disorder:undersocialized, Aggressive
3)Schizophrenic disorder
4)Adjustment disorder with work (or academic) inhibition
5)Dependent personality disorder
6)Borderline personality disorder
7)Substance dependancies
Myths and misconceptions regarding mental illness
1) To be mentally ill is to be different and odd
2)To be mentally healthy a person must be logical and rational
Characteristics of resilient people
1) optomsistic
2) actively seek solutions
3) find the silver lining
Action-oriented behaviors
resilient individuals whose behaviors for the most part are adaptive and appropriate for the circumstances. View stressors as a challenge.
Defense-oriented behaviors
self-defeating tactics, stress usually escalates into a full blown crisis. usually rely on maldaptive behaviors.
INTERNAL Locus of Control
"Self-determination", "Personal Control" Masters of their own destiny". Usually more goal oriented. Individuals who feel their life events and circumstances are mainly a result of their actions. They beleive their destiny is within their control and rarely effected by outside forces. (DOES NOT exclude outside force)
EXTERNAL Locus of Control
"Fate is responsible for my destiny" Usually cope better with terminal illness dt strong beleif in higher power. Feel life events rest on chance, luck, other people, circumstances or a higher power.
The Mental Health-Mental Illness Continuum
There is no obvious line between mental health and mental illness. All human health lies in a continuum between each.
Some abnormal behavior:
1)changes on its own
2)can be changes over many weeks, or months of effort
3)stays the same despite time and effort
4)becomes progressively more abnormal no matter what we do
A helpful way to define mental illness and mental health is based on evaluating individual behavior on a continuim such as:
-from adaptive to maladaptive behaviors
-from constructive to destructive behaviors
Adaptive behaviors
action oriented problem solving in which the person is objective, rational, and productive. The anxiety is decreased because the problem is solved. Adaptive behaviors contribute to a persons overall well being.
Maladaptive behaviors
unsuccessful attemptsto decrease anxiety without attempting to solve the problem. The anxiety remains or escalates because the problem: !) is not solved 2) may worsen and or 3) often generates new problems which frequently extend over a long period of time. (limit a persons ability to function in important areas such as work, health, love and interpersonal relationships)
Constructive behavior
Contributes to physiological growth and biological well being.
Destructive behavior
not only results in failure to deal with a problem but also underminesor destroys the well-being of the individual or others.
DSM Axis I
Particular Disorder (schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder)
Mental Retardation or a Personality Disorder
Any General Medical conditions thought to be relevant to the mental disorder in question.
For reporting any psychosocial or environmental problem that may effect the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of a mental disorder. (occupational problems, educational problems, economic problems, homelessness, interpersonal issues w/family)
DSM Axis V
Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) Gives an indication of the person's best levelof psychological, social, and occupational functioning during the preceding year rated on a scale of 1 to 100.
Comorbidity OR dual diagnosis
coexisting disorders. Examples a heroin addict with a personailty disorder. Or a bipolar person with a antisocial personality disorder.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Is a manual that classifies mental disorders.
biologically based mental illness
(Psychobiological Disorder)
a mental disorder casued by neurotransmitter dysfunction, abnormal brain structure, inherited genetic factors, or other biologic causes.
7 Basic Concepts to keep in mind regarding human behavior.
1) The need to be understood is one of the greatest psychological needs.

2) All behavior is meaningful and most is designed to satisfy needs.

3) "Perception is Reality". This is a common cliche', Which just happens to be accurate.

4) Persons who share the same mental health disorder may share many of the same "sterotypical" behaviors.

5)Change is difficult and old habits, and ways of doing things, die hard, no matter how destructive they are. BUT change is indeed possible.

6)All individuals and families develop recurring predictable patterns of behavior and interactions over time.Therefore unless conscious effort is undertaken to change, the best predictor of ones future behavior is ones past behavior (for similiar instances).

7) Each person is responsible for his/her choices, decisions, and behavior and for the consequences of those choices, decisions and behaviors.
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