keywords:
Bookmark and Share



Front Back
Subendothelial Deposits
are seen in SLE patients
Subepithelial Humps
are seen in Acute Poststreptococcal Glomeruloneprhitis
Linear Subendothelial
are seen in Goodpasture’s (Type II)
Mesangial Deposits
are seen in IgA Nephropathy
Spike and Dome
are seen in Membranous
Subendothelial Humps
are seen in Membranoproliferative
Azithromycin
administered to HIV + patients can prevent Mycobacterium Avium
Ethambutol
inhibits arabinosyl transferase which polymerizes arabinose into arabinan etc. Side Effects à Optic Neuritis
Rifampin
inhibits bacterial DNA dependent RNA polymerase and thus prevents transcription of DNA into mRNA.
Isoniazid
inhibits mycolic acid synthesis.
FF = GFR/RPF GFR = Creatinine Clearance/Inulin
RPF (renal plasma flow) = PAH(para-aminohippuric acid)
Fibroadenoma
cellular myxoid stroma, sometimes there are compressed cystic spaces.
Spongiosis
epidermal accumulation of edematous fluid in the intercellular spaces.
Octreotide
good for secretory diarrhea, which is a Somatostatin Analog
Diphenoxylate
opiate anti-diarrheal structurally related to Meperidine.
Urease
converts urea to carbon dioxide and ammonia and thus increases pH
Radiation Therapy
causes 1) DNA double strand breakage 2) formation of free radical
Methadone
has a long half life
In Fetal Lungs
-After 30 weeks there is an increase in Lecithin
-After 36 weeks there is a rise in Phosphatydylglycerol
Males with 5 α reductase deficiency
feminized external genitalia, small phallus and Hypospadias are common.
Repair Damage
Glycosylase à Endonuclease à Lyase à DNA Polymerase à Ligase
H. Pylori
most common cause of duodenal ulcers
CMV in immunocompromised
Mononucleosis
Retinitis in CMV
HIV+ Patients
Squamous Cell Lung Cancer
produces Parathyroid Hormone Related Peptide, which in turn will decrease PTH
Primary CNS Lymphoma
most commonly associated with AIDS
Campylobacter
can be transmitted from domestic animals
Shigella
is transmitted via fecal oral in day care centers
Keratin
marker of epithelial cell origin.
Secretin
produced by S endocrine cells in the duodenum, that increases bicarbonate secretion from exocrine pancreas into the small bowel.
Alprazolam
benzodiazepine with the shortest half life, which is used in Acute Anxiety.
Diazepam, Chlordiazepoxide and Clonazepam
longest half life, used in prophylaxis.
Sheets of Primitive Cells with Many Mitotic Figures
Medulloblastoma
Most Common Tumors in Children:
Pilocytic Astrocytoma
Medulloblastoma
Ependyoma
Pilocytic Astrocytoma
Rosenthal Fibers
Medulloblastoma
sheets of small blue cells, many mitotic figures
Ependyoma
can cause Hydrocephalus and form Rosettes
Orthostatic Hypotension
side effects of α adrenergic blockers.
AML (acute myelocytic leukemia)
has associations with t(15,17), t(8,21) and Auer Rods are stained with Myeloperoxidase.
CLL (chronic lymphocytiv leukimia)
deletion on Chromosome 13
Mantle Cell B Lymphoma
t(11,14)
Dobutamine
causes increase in cardiac contractility and increase in Heart Rate
Tumors of Schwann Cells
are derived from neural Crest Cells.
Patients with CGD (chronic granulomatous disease)
susceptible to:
1) Staph Aureus
2) Pseudomonas
3) Serratia
4)Nocardia
5) Aspergillus
x of y cards