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SAMPLE (patient information)
Signs and Symptoms Allergies Medications Past Pertinent History Last Oral Intake Events leading up to Episode
OPQRST (detailed history)
Onset Provokes Quality Radiation Severity Time
DCAP-BTLS (phys exam)
Deformities Contusions Abrasions Punctures / Penetrations Burns Tenderness Lacerations Swelling
MBLTH {putting on a KED)
My Baby Likes To Holler Middle strap first Bottom strap second Leg straps third Top strap fourth Head strap LAST OF ALL
AVPU (mental status)
Alert Verbal Painful Unresponsive
RN-CHAMPS (types of shock)
Respiratory Neurogenic-uncontrolled dilation due to nerve paralysis - spine/brain injury Cardiogenic-MI or heart attack can cause cardiogenic shock Hypovolemic /Hemorrhagic-low blood volume, internal or external bleeding Anaphylactic-severe Allergic reaction Metabolic-imbalance in body chemistry Psychogenic-fainting Septic-infection
AMI
Acute myocardial infarction
BSI
Body substance isolation
BVM
Bag valve mask
CAD
Coronary artery disease
CHF
Congestive heart failure
CISD
Critical incident stress debriefing
COPD
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPR
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
DNR
Do Not Resuscitate
EMD
Emergency medical dispatcher
FH&PE
Focused History and Physical Examination
FROPVD
Flow restricted oxygen powered ventilation device
HEPA
High-efficiency particulate air respirator
JVD
Jugular vein distention
LOC
Level of consciousness
LSC=BILAT
Lung sounds clear and equal on both sides
MCI
Multiple casualty incident
MI
Myocardial infarction (heart attack)
MOI
Mechanism of injury
NIOSH
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NREMT
National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians
PEA
Pulseless electrical activity
PCR
Prehospital care report
PNS
Peripheral nervous system
PPE
Personal protective equipment
SAED
Semi-automatic external defibrillator
SCBA
Self-contained breathing aparatus
SIDS
Sudden infant death syndrome
STAT
Immediately
TM
Temporomandibular joint
VF
Ventricular fibrillation
V-TACH
Ventricular tachycardia
anterior
front surface of the body
posterior
rear surface of the body
superior
located above
inferior
located below
medial
toward the midline
lateral
away from the midline
distal
farther from the point of origin
proximal
closer to the point of origin
ana -
excess, upward, backward [ANA-phylaxis = exaggerated reaction]
antero -
front [ANTERO-lateral = found in front and to one side]
bi -
two, both [BI-lateral = both sides]
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