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Prefix
Fix before or to fix to the beginning of a word. Used to alter or modify the meaning or to create new words.

ex. ex/cis/ion - cutting out
ex- P = our
cis- root = to cut
ion- S = process
Word Root
Root is a word or element from which other words are formed. Foundation of words.

ex. mal/format/ion - deformed
mal- P = bad
format- root = shaping
ion- S = process
Combining Form
A word root to which a vowel has been added. Links the word to the suffix or to another root with out meaning of its own.

ex. chem/o/therapy
chem/o CF = chemical
therapy- S = treatment
Suffix
To fasten on, beneath, or under. Can be a syllable placed at the end to alter or modify the meaning of a word.

ex. gastr/oma stomach tumor
gastr- R = stomach
oma- S = tumor
Principles of Component Parts
Some parts have the same meaning as others. Most often with words that relate to organs and diseases. Latin - organs, Greek - diseases.

ex. Hysterectomy
surgical excision of the womb from hyster R meaning womb - ectomy S meaning surgical excision
abate
to lessen, decrease, or cease
abscess
localized collection of pus, which may occur in any part of the body
acute (ac)
sudden, sharp, severe: a disease that has sudden onset, severe, symptoms, and a short course
adhesion

adhes R stuck to
ion S process
process of being stuck together
afferent
carrying impulses toward a center
ambulatory (Amb)
condition of being able to walk, not confined to a bed
antidote
substance given to counteract poisons and their effects
antipyretic

anti - against
pyret - fever
ic - pertaining to
pertaining to an agent that works against a fever
antiseptic

anti - against
sept - putrefaction
ic - pertaining to
Pertaining to an agent that works against sepsis; putrefaction
antitussive

anti -  against
tuss - cough
ove - nature of, quality of
pertaining to an agent that works against coughing
apathy
condition in which one lacks feelings and emotions and is indifferent
asepsis

a - without
sepsis - decay
with out decay; sterile, free from all living microoraganisms
autoclave
apparatus used to sterilize articles by steam under pressure
autonomy

auto - self
nom - law
y - condition
condition of being self-governed; to function independently
axillart (ax)

axill - armpit
ary - pertaining to
pertaining to the armpit
biopsy (Bx)

bi(o) life
opsy - to view
surgical removal of a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination; used to determine a diagnosis of cancer or other disease processes in the body.
cachexia

cac - bad
hexia - condition
condition of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting. It may occur in chronic diseases such as cancer and pulmonary tuberculosis.
chemotherapy

chem/o - chemical
therapy - treatment
treatment using chemical agents
chronic
pertaining to time; a disease that continues over a long time, showing little change in symptoms or course
diagnosis (Dx)

dia - through
gnosis - knowledge
determination of the cause and nature of a disease
diaphoresis

dia - through
phoresis - to carry
to carry through sweat glands; profuse sweating
disease
lack of ease; an abnormal condition of the body that presents a series of symptoms that sets it apart from normal or other body states
disinfectant

dis - apart
infect - to infect
ant - forming
chemical substance that can be applied to object to destroy pathogenic mircoorganisms, such as bacteria
efferent
carrying impulses away from a center
empathy
state of projection one's own personality into the personality of another to understand the feelings, emotions and behavior of the person
epidemic

epi - upon
infect
ant - forming
chemical substance that can be applied to object to destroy pathogenic microorganisims, such as bateria
etiology

eti/o - cause
logy - study of
study of the cause of disease
excision

ex - out
cis - to cut
ion - process
process of cutting out, surgical removal
illness
state of being sick
febrille
pertaining to a fever
incision

in - in, into
cis - to cut
ion - process
Process of cutting into

malaise
feeling of discomfort, uneasiness; often felt by a patient who has achronic disease
malignant

malign - bad kind
ant - forming
bad wandering; pertaining to the spreading process of cancer from one area of the body to another
necrosis

necr - death
osis - abnormal condition
condition of death tissue
neopathy

neo - new
pathy - disease
New disease
pallor
paleness, lack of color
paracentesis

para - beside
centesis - surgical puncture
surgical puncture of the body cavity for fluid removal
prognosis

pro - before
gnosis - knowledge
Prediction of the course of a disease and recovery date; condition of foreknowledge
prophylactic

prophylact - guarding
ic - pertaining to
pertaining to preventing or protecting against disease
pyrogenic

pyr/o - heat, fire
genic - formation, produce
pertaining to the production of heat; a fever
rapport
relationship of understanding between two individuals, especially between the patient and physician
syndrome

syn - together, with
drome - a course
combination of signs and symptoms occurring together that characterize a specific disease
triage
sorting and classifying of injuries to determine priority of need and treament
AB
abnormal
ac
acute
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