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Diet
All liquids and solids ingested.
Ingested
Swallowed, taken orally into the system.
Metabolism
Sum of all physical and chemical changes that take place within an organism.
Anabolism
Process in metabolism where cell takes substances from the blood required for repair and growth of cytoplasm.
Catabolism
Destructive process in metabolism; process of breaking down complex substances to simpler substances for use by the body or to create heat.
Protein
Basic constituent of all living cells which maintains and repairs body tissues.
Carbohydrate
Compounds in foods that form an immediate source of energy (e.g. Sugars, starches).
Mineral
Inorganic substance, neither animal or vegetable, that aids in body function.
Phosphorus
Chemical element that helps form stronger bones and teeth, aids in cell metabolism.
Iodine
Chemical element used to regulate action of thyroid.
Assimilation
Process of absorbing food by the digestive organs and turning it into living tissue.
Malnutrition
Lack of necessary food substances in the body for growth and repair.
Amino Acids
Chemical compounds which are components of protein.
Vitamins
Chemical compounds which regulate body processes and cannot usually be manufactured by the body.
Absorption
The process of taking nutrients from alimentary canal into the bloodstream, for nourishment of cells.
Appetite
The physiological and emotional reaction to food which promotes the desire to eat.
Cholesterol
Complex fat related compound found in almost all body tissues.
Chyme
A thin liquid mass to which food is reduced in the stomach, it consists of partially emulsified fats, carbohydrates and protein.
Glucose
The form of sugar normally found in the blood and utilized by the cells.
Peristalsis
The waves of contraction passing along the intestine and forcing it's contents onward.
Iron
A mineral that carries oxygen to the tissues and aids in the manufacturing of new blood cells.
Liver
An organ that stores fat-soluble vitamins, metabolizes fats, removes toxins and worn-out cells.
Cheilosis
Cracking at the corners of the mouth due to deficiency of B complex vitamins.
Pellagra
Disease caused by deficiency of Niacin; Characterized by dermatitis, diarrhea, depression.  Can be fatal.
Scurvy
Disease caused by lack of Vitamin C.
Digestion
Process by which food is converted mechanically and chemically in the digestive tract and converted into absorbable foods.
Flouride
A compound that unites with the calcium and phosphorous to form stronger calcified tissues.
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