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Growth Hormone
Anterior Pituitary (adenohypophysis)
Widespread tissue growth especially in liver, bone, cartilage, muscle, fat
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Anterior Pituitary
Growth of adrenal cortex
Secreation of glucocorticoids
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
Anterior Pituitary
Growth of thyroid
Secreation of thyroid hormone
antiduretic hormone
Posterior Pituitary
water retention
Posterior Pituitary
labor contractions, milk release
S- pancreatic islets
T- primarily liver
E- stimulates amino acid absorption, gluconeogenesis, glycogen and fat breakdown; raises blood glucose and fatty acid levels
S-pancreatic islets
T- most tissues
E- stimulates glucose and amino acid uptake; lowers blood glucose level; promotes glycogen, fat and protein synthesis
S- pancreatic islets
T- stomach, intestines, pancreatic islet cells
E- modulates digestion, nutrient absorption, and glucagon and insulin secretion
Pancreatic polypeptide
S- Pancreatic islets
T- pancreas, gallbladder
E- inhibits release of bile and digestive enzymes
S- Pancreatic islets
T- stomach
E- stimulates acid secreation and gastric motility
S- Ovaries
T- many tissues
E- stimulates female reproductive development and adolescent growth; regulates menstrual cycle and pregnancy; prepares mammary glands for lactation
S- Ovaries
T- Uterus, mammary glands
E- Regulates menstrual cycle and pregnancy; prepares mammary glands for lactation
S- Ovaries
T- Anterior Pituitary
E- Inhibits FSH secretion
S- Testes
T- Many tissues
E- Stimulates fetal and adolescent reproductive develpoment, musculoskeletal growth, sperm production, and libido
S- Testes
T- Anterior pituitary
E- inhibits FSH secretion
S- Skin
E- precursor of calcitriol
S- Liver
E- precursor of calcitriol
S- Liver
E- Precursor of angiotensin II
S- Liver
T- Red bone marrow
E- promotes red blood cell production, increases oxygen-carrying capacity of blood
Atrial natruietic peptide and brain natriuretic peptide
S- Heart
T- kidney
E- lower blood volume and pressure by promoting sodium and water loss
S- Small Intestine and Stomach
T- Gallbladder, brain
E- Bile release; appetite suppression
S- stomach and small intestine
T- stomach
E- stimulates acid secretion
S-stomach and small intestine
T- Brain
E- stimulates hunge, initiates feeding
Peptide YY
S- stomach and small intestine
T- Brain
E- produces sense of satiety, terminates feeding
Other enteric hormones
S- stomach and small intestine
T- stomach, intestines
E- coordinate secretion and motility in different regions of digestive tract
S- Adipose tissue
T- Brain
E- Limits appetite over tong term
S- Osseous tissue
T- Pancreas, adipose tissue
E- Stimulates pancreatic beta cells to multiply, increases insulin secretion, enhances insulin sensitivity of various tissues, and reduces fat deposition
Estrogen, progesterone
S- placenta
T- many tissues of mother and fetus
E- stimulate fetal development and maternal bodily adaptations to pregnancy; prepare mammary glands for lactation
Steriods end in
and are
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peptides end in
and are
follicle- stimulating hormone
S- anterior pituitary
T- ovaries, testes
E- F-growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen 
    M- sperm production
Luteinizing hormone
S-anterior pituitary
T- ovaries, testes
E- F- ovulation, maintenance of corpus luteum
    M- testorerone secretion
Prolactin (PRL)
S- Anterior pituitary
T- mammary glands, testes
E- F- milk synthesis
    M- increased Lh sensitivity and testosterone secretion
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH)
S- hypothalmus
T- anterior pituitary
E- promotes secretion of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and prolactin (PRL)
Corticotropin-releasing hormone
T-anterior pituitary
E- promotes secreation of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone
S- hypothalmus
T- pituitary
E- promotes secretion of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone(LH)
Growth hormone-releasing hormone
S- hypothalmus
T- anterior pituitary
E- promotes secreation of growth hormone (GH)
Prolactin-inhibiting hormone
S- hypothalmus
T-anterior pituitary
E- inhibits secreation of prolactin (PRL)
S- hypothalmus
T- anterior pituitary
E- inhibits secretion of growth hormone (GH) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
S- pineal gland
T- brain
E- uncertain; may influence mood and sexual maturation
Thymopoietin, thymosin, thymulin
S- thymus
T- immune cells (T lymphocytes)
E- stimulate T lymphocyte development and activity
Thyroxine (T4) and
 triodothyronine (T3)
S- thyroid gland
T- most tissues
E- Elevate metabolic rate and heat production, increase respitory rate heart rate and strength of heartbeat
S- thyroid gland
T- bone
E- stimulates bone deposition, mainly in children
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
S- parathyroid glands
T- bone, kidneys, small intestine
E- raises blood calcium level by stimulating bone resoption and inhibiting deposition, reducing unrinary calcium excretion, and enhancing calcitriol synthesis
Epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine
S- adrenal medulla
T- most tissues
E- promote alertness; mobilize organic fuels; raise metabolic rate; stimulate cirulation and respiration; increase blood glucose level; inhibit insulin secretion and glucose uptake by insulin-dependent organs (sparing glucose for brain)
S- adrenal cortex
T- kidney
E- promotes sodium and water retention and potasium excretion; maintains blood pressure and volume
Cortisol and
S- adrenal cortex
T- most tissues
E- stimulate fat and protein catabolism, gluconeogenesis, stress resistance, and tissue repair
S-adrenal cortex
T- bone, muscle, integument, brain, many other tissues
E- Precurser of testosterone; inderectily promotes growth of bones, pubic and auxillary hair, aprocirine glands, and fetal male reproductive tract; stimulates libido
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