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GH
Growth Hormone
Anterior Pituitary (adenohypophysis)
Widespread tissue growth especially in liver, bone, cartilage, muscle, fat
ACTH
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
(Corticotopin)
Anterior Pituitary
(adenohypophysis)
Growth of adrenal cortex
Secreation of glucocorticoids
TSH
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
(thyrotropin)
Anterior Pituitary
(adenohypophysis)
Growth of thyroid
Secreation of thyroid hormone
ADH
antiduretic hormone
Posterior Pituitary
(nuerohypophysis)
water retention
OT
Oxytocin
Posterior Pituitary
(nuerohypophysis)
labor contractions, milk release
Glucagon
S- pancreatic islets
T- primarily liver
E- stimulates amino acid absorption, gluconeogenesis, glycogen and fat breakdown; raises blood glucose and fatty acid levels
Insulin
S-pancreatic islets
T- most tissues
E- stimulates glucose and amino acid uptake; lowers blood glucose level; promotes glycogen, fat and protein synthesis
Somatostatin
S- pancreatic islets
T- stomach, intestines, pancreatic islet cells
E- modulates digestion, nutrient absorption, and glucagon and insulin secretion
Pancreatic polypeptide
S- Pancreatic islets
T- pancreas, gallbladder
E- inhibits release of bile and digestive enzymes
Gastrin
S- Pancreatic islets
T- stomach
E- stimulates acid secreation and gastric motility
Estradiol
S- Ovaries
T- many tissues
E- stimulates female reproductive development and adolescent growth; regulates menstrual cycle and pregnancy; prepares mammary glands for lactation
Progesterone
S- Ovaries
T- Uterus, mammary glands
E- Regulates menstrual cycle and pregnancy; prepares mammary glands for lactation
Inhibin
S- Ovaries
T- Anterior Pituitary
E- Inhibits FSH secretion
Testosterone
S- Testes
T- Many tissues
E- Stimulates fetal and adolescent reproductive develpoment, musculoskeletal growth, sperm production, and libido
Inhibin
S- Testes
T- Anterior pituitary
E- inhibits FSH secretion
Cholecalciferol
S- Skin
T-
E- precursor of calcitriol
Calcidiol
S- Liver
T-
E- precursor of calcitriol
Angiotensinogen
S- Liver
T-
E- Precursor of angiotensin II
Erythropoietin
S- Liver
T- Red bone marrow
E- promotes red blood cell production, increases oxygen-carrying capacity of blood
Atrial natruietic peptide and brain natriuretic peptide
S- Heart
T- kidney
E- lower blood volume and pressure by promoting sodium and water loss
Cholecystokinin
S- Small Intestine and Stomach
T- Gallbladder, brain
E- Bile release; appetite suppression
Gastrin
S- stomach and small intestine
T- stomach
E- stimulates acid secretion
Ghrelin
S-stomach and small intestine
T- Brain
E- stimulates hunge, initiates feeding
Peptide YY
S- stomach and small intestine
T- Brain
E- produces sense of satiety, terminates feeding
Other enteric hormones
S- stomach and small intestine
T- stomach, intestines
E- coordinate secretion and motility in different regions of digestive tract
Leptin
S- Adipose tissue
T- Brain
E- Limits appetite over tong term
Osteocalcin
S- Osseous tissue
T- Pancreas, adipose tissue
E- Stimulates pancreatic beta cells to multiply, increases insulin secretion, enhances insulin sensitivity of various tissues, and reduces fat deposition
Estrogen, progesterone
S- placenta
T- many tissues of mother and fetus
E- stimulate fetal development and maternal bodily adaptations to pregnancy; prepare mammary glands for lactation
Steriods end in
and are
one, ol
hydrophobic
peptides end in
and are
in
hydrophiclic
follicle- stimulating hormone
(FSH)
S- anterior pituitary
T- ovaries, testes
E- F-growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen 
    M- sperm production
Luteinizing hormone
(LH)
S-anterior pituitary
T- ovaries, testes
E- F- ovulation, maintenance of corpus luteum
    M- testorerone secretion
Prolactin (PRL)
S- Anterior pituitary
T- mammary glands, testes
E- F- milk synthesis
    M- increased Lh sensitivity and testosterone secretion
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH)
S- hypothalmus
T- anterior pituitary
E- promotes secretion of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and prolactin (PRL)
Corticotropin-releasing hormone
(CRH)
S-hypothalmus
T-anterior pituitary
E- promotes secreation of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone
(GnRH)
S- hypothalmus
T- pituitary
E- promotes secretion of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone(LH)
Growth hormone-releasing hormone
(GHRH)
S- hypothalmus
T- anterior pituitary
E- promotes secreation of growth hormone (GH)
Prolactin-inhibiting hormone
(PIH)
S- hypothalmus
T-anterior pituitary
E- inhibits secreation of prolactin (PRL)
Somatostain
S- hypothalmus
T- anterior pituitary
E- inhibits secretion of growth hormone (GH) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
Melatonin
S- pineal gland
T- brain
E- uncertain; may influence mood and sexual maturation
Thymopoietin, thymosin, thymulin
S- thymus
T- immune cells (T lymphocytes)
E- stimulate T lymphocyte development and activity
Thyroxine (T4) and
 triodothyronine (T3)
S- thyroid gland
T- most tissues
E- Elevate metabolic rate and heat production, increase respitory rate heart rate and strength of heartbeat
Calcitonin
S- thyroid gland
T- bone
E- stimulates bone deposition, mainly in children
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
S- parathyroid glands
T- bone, kidneys, small intestine
E- raises blood calcium level by stimulating bone resoption and inhibiting deposition, reducing unrinary calcium excretion, and enhancing calcitriol synthesis
Epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine
S- adrenal medulla
T- most tissues
E- promote alertness; mobilize organic fuels; raise metabolic rate; stimulate cirulation and respiration; increase blood glucose level; inhibit insulin secretion and glucose uptake by insulin-dependent organs (sparing glucose for brain)
Aldosterone
S- adrenal cortex
T- kidney
E- promotes sodium and water retention and potasium excretion; maintains blood pressure and volume
Cortisol and
Corticosterone
S- adrenal cortex
T- most tissues
E- stimulate fat and protein catabolism, gluconeogenesis, stress resistance, and tissue repair
Dehydroepiandrosterone
S-adrenal cortex
T- bone, muscle, integument, brain, many other tissues
E- Precurser of testosterone; inderectily promotes growth of bones, pubic and auxillary hair, aprocirine glands, and fetal male reproductive tract; stimulates libido
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