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The Roman Senate under Augustus was
c. retained as he chief deliberative body of the Roman state
The absolute monarchial powers of Augustus as princeps led to
e. all of the above
Which of the following important powers did Augustus not hold?
d. senator
The Roman praetorian guards were
a. elite troops given the task of protecting the emperor
Under the rule of Augustus, the Roman empire
c. turned towards an absolute monarchy, with the princeps overshadowing the Senate
Roman provincial and frontier policy under Agusuts was characterized by all of the following except
a. limitless expansion in central Europe
Which of the following statements best describes the governing of roman provinces under Augustus?
b. efficient, with proconsuls propraetors, and legates cooperating with the local elites
The city on the Tiber that was Rome's chief port was
e. Ostia
The successor to Augustus and the first of the Julio-Claudian rulers was
c. Tiberius
Which of the statements best describes the julio-Claudian emperors?
b. varied in ability and effeciveness
Which of the following trends developed during he reigns of the Julio-Claudian emperors?
a. emperors took more and more actual ruling power away from the old Senate
The first of the Flavian emperors was
e. Vespian
The correct order of he five good emperors is
c. Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Anonius Pious, Marcus Aurelius
All of the following occurred during the reigns of he five "good emperors" except for
c. the halting of imperial bureaucratic growth
the "good emperor" Marcus Aurelius was regarded as a philosopher king deeply influenced by the princlples of
b. Stoicism
The two Roman cities that destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD were Pompeii and
e. Herculaneum
The emperor who said, "Live in harmony, make the soldiers rich, and don't give a damn for anything else" was
e. Septimius Severus
The late third century emperor who reconquered and reestablished order in the east and along the Danube and who was known as the restorer of the world was
d. Aurelian
The Terrible third century was made terrible by all of the following except
a. ignorance of military affairs of Severan rulers
The two Roman emperors who notably persecuted the Christian minority were
e. Decius and Diocletian
Constantine's most enduring reform came in the creation of
b. The New Rome
After being allowed to enter the eastern empire after being displaced by the nomadic _____, he German Visigoths defeated the armies of the empire in 378 at the Battle of _____
d. Huns, Adrianpole
The Edict of Milan
b. was Constantine's document officially tolerating the existence of Christianity
The Council of Nicaea in 325
c. defined Christ as being of the same substance of God
In the late fourth cenury, the Visigoths were pushed into the Balkans because of pressure from the
e. Huns
The end of the western roman empire was
c. 476
The Frankish palace official, Charles martel, successfully defended the civilization of the new western european kingdoms in 732 by
c. defeating Muslim armies in 732 and driving them back to Spain
Guilt under Germanic customary law was determined by
d. compurgation and ordeal
The withdrawl of Roman armies from Britain enabled
b. Angles and Saxons, Germanic tribes from Denmark and Germany, to invade and to establish new kingdoms on the isle
The basic rule for western monastic living was developed by
a. Benedict
The Frankish ruler who best symbolized the fusion of roman, German, and Christian elements was
d. Charlemange
Charlemange's most disappointing military campaign came against the
a. Basques
The expansion of the Carolingian Empire under Charlemange
b. was the most successful against the German tribes to the east.
The administration of Charlemagne's Carolingian Empire was carried out
d. b and c
The coronation of Charlemagne in 800 as emperor of the Romans
c. symbolized the fusion of Roman, Germanic, and Christian cultures.
Charlemagne's Carolingian Renaissance was characterized by
e. new copies of classical literary works produced in Benedictine monastic scriptoria.
The Carolingian scholar Alcuin is best noted for
a. helping to lay the foundation for medieval education
What was the name of the treaty that divided the Carolingian Empire in 843?
a. Treaty of Verdun
The most successful Muslim raids in the ninth century occurred in
c. Sicily
The Magyars
b. were originally from western Asia
Which of the following statements was not true of the Vikings?
b. Their settlements tended to be limited to coastal areas in the Frankish kingdom.
In Western Europe, the chief political repercussion of frequent Viking raids was
c. an increase in the power of local aristocrats to whom threatened populations turned for effective protection.
Feudalism of medieval Europe was primarily
a. a complex system of vassalage by which the weak sought protection and sustenance from powerful local nobles.
The lord-vassal relationship in the Germanic practice of medieval Europe
d. was an honorable relationship between free men
The major obligation of the lord to the vassal was
a. economic support and protection either militarily or through grants of land
Under feudalism of the Early Middle Ages
a. the major obligation of a vassal to his lord was to provide military service
The English king who helped establish a unified Anglo-Saxon monarchy by defeating the Danish army was
b. Alfred the Great
The economic structure of the Early Middle Ages
c. was underdeveloped and predominantly agricultural
b. was an economic system based upon landed estates
All are correct about the Battle of Hastings except
a. the Anglo-Saxons defeated the Normans
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