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1. Built-in software that determines what a computer can do without accessing programs from a disk is known as ________.
1. BIOS (Basic Input/Output System)
2. A motherboard’s ______________ includes the onboard circuitry for controlling the AGP bus, onboard sound circuitry, and main memory bus.
2. chipset
3. A device or program that enables a computer to transmit data over telephone lines is known as a ________.
3. modem (modulator-demodulator)
4. A display screen is known as a ________. The term usually refers to the entire box, whereas display screen can mean just the screen.
4. monitor
5. The __________________ is the combination of hardware and software that specifies what kind of hardware can be installed in a computer.
5. BIOS
6. What is the “brains” of the computer? This is where most calculations take place. In terms of computing power, it is the most important element of a computer system.
6. CPU (central processing unit)
7. Which settings information is usually stored in a memory chip and retained by using a small electrical charge provided by a battery installed on the motherboard?
7. CMOS
8. Disk and tape drives are examples of __________.
8. storage devices
9. What is an eight-wire connector commonly used to connect computers onto an Ethernet local area network (LAN) that uses unshielded twisted-pair (UTP)? These connectors are somewhat wider than RJ-11 connectors
9. RJ-45 (registered jack-45)
10. What type of connector is used with coaxial cables such as the RG-58 A/U used with the 10Base2 Ethernet system? It is a male type mounted at each end of a cable.
10. BNC
11. What is the external bus standard that supports data transfer rates up to 480Mbps?
11. USB (Universal Serial Bus)
12. __________ is a type of port developed by IBM for connecting a mouse or keyboard (most commonly called the mouse port) to a PC. It supports a __________ plug containing just six pins.
12. PS/2, Mini-DIN
13. What is the name of the high-performance serial bus technology that is being called the transport of choice for multimedia data transport?
13. IEEE 1394 (also known as FireWire)
14. Most personal computers have a parallel port and at least one serial port. What type of connector ds the parallel port use on PCs to connect printers and computers?
14. DB-25
15. What is a four- or six-wire connector used primarily to connect telephone equipment in the United States?
15. RJ-11 (registered Jack-11)
16. What is the socket type used for the Pentium IV chip
16. Socket 478
17. The most commonly used motherboard design type used today is the _______.
17. ATX
18. Which RAID level offers no fault tolerance?
18. RAID 0
19. Every computer has a diagnostic program built in to its BIOS called the_______.
19. power-on self-test (POST)
20. This AT command is used to dial the number of another modem if the phone line is set up for tone dialing.
20. ATDT
21. Most of today’s BIOSs are written to an ______ and can be updated through the use of software.
21. EEPROM
22. What ds the red stripe on an IDE cable represent?
22. pin 1
23. Which expansion bus type can share a single IRQ among two or more expansion boards?
23. PCI
24. The two most common laptop memory standards are ______ and ______.
24. SoDIMM and MicroDIMM
25. The single fixed resolution of an LCD display is called the _______.
25. Native resolution
26. The difference between the darkest color and lightest color an LCD display can produce is called the _____________.
26. Contrast ratio
27. PCMCIA Type I cards are _______ thick.
27. 3.3 millimeters
28. The S3 power state is called _________.
28. Standby
29. The S4 power state is called ____________.
29. Hibernation
30. The C0–C4 power states refer to which specific piece of hardware?
30. The processor
31. The WUXGA standard supports a ______ aspect ratio.
31. 16:10
32. The G2 power state is called _________.
32. Soft off
33. The G3 power state is called _________.
33. Mechanical off
34. IEEE 802.11b transmits data at a maximum of ______ Mbps.
34. 11
35. IEEE 802.11g transmits data at a maximum of ______ Mbps.
35. 54
36. The standard developed in 1996 that defines power management is called __________.
36. BIOS-ACPI (or just ACPI)
37. A _________ is an extension of the motherboard of the laptop, so you can use full-size devices.
37. Docking station
38. The best way to remove laptop hardware is to use the _______ icon in the system tray.
38. Safely Remove Hardware
39. __________ is a short-distance, point-to-point communications standard.
39. Infrared
40. If you want to plug your laptop into a power outlet in your car, you are using a _________ power adapter.
40. DC
41. PCMCIA Type III cards are _______ thick, and the most common Type III device is a __________.
41. 10.5 millimeters, hard drive
42. PCMCIA Type II cards are _______ thick.
42. 5 millimeters
43. Other than USB, keyboards and mice typically use what type of wired port?
43. PS/2
44. Mini PCI Type I and II cards use a ______ connector.
44. 100-pin stacking
45. Mini PCI Type III cards use a ______ connector.
45. 124-pin card edge
46. ______ is an example of an open-source operating system.
46. Linux
47. Microsoft’s first 32-bit operating system was _________.
47. Windows 95
48. The area that contains your icons, Start menu, Recycle Bin, and system tray is called the __________.
48. Desktop
49. Open programs that are minimized can be maximized by clicking on which part of the Desktop
49. Their button on the taskbar
50. The clock and other active utility icons are located in the ________.
50. System tray
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