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Army Board Study Guide - Army Leadership
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What manual covers army leadership and counseling?


FM 6-22


What is military leadership?


The ability to influence people to accomplish the mission and improve the organization.


What is tact?


A keen sense of what to say and do in order to maintain good relations with others and to avoid offense.


Describe discipline?


An attitude of an individual or group that promptly obeys orders or take appropriate action in the absence of orders.


Describe motivation?


The ability to make people do what you know must be done.


Describe supervision?


Controlling a situation and ensuring a task or mission is done properly.


What are the four indicators of good leadership?


Morale, discipline, esprit de cops and proficiency.


Define leadership?


Leadership is influencing people- by providing purpose, direction and motivation- while operating to accomplish the mission and improving the organization.


What are the three basic needs of professional, self-motivated soldiers?


Job security, promotion, approval of peers and superiors.


What are the two barriers of communication?


Physiological and physical


Who is responsible for teaching basic soldiering to troops?


The NCO


How many basic human needs are there?


Four


What are the basic human needs?


Physical, security, social, Spiritual.


What are the four elements of leadership?


The leader, the follower, the situation and communication.


Which human need is most important?


No human need is more important than another.


What is proficiency?


The technical, tactical and physical ability of a unit to accomplish a mission.


What are the five styles of leadership?


Directing, participating, delegating, transformational, and transactional.


What are the three levels of leadership?


They are direct, organizational, and strategic.


Give an example of direct leadership?


It is face to face, first line leadership where soldiers see their leaders all the time.


Give an example of organizational leadership?


It is primarily indirect leadership executed through staffs and subordinate commanders.


What is technical proficiency?


Knowing how to successfully perform and teach your job or mission.


What is tactical proficiency?


Knowing how to employ your equipment and personnel during a mission.


What is a principle?


A guideline for a person’s conduct or actions.


How many principles of army leadership are there?


Eleven


Name the 11 principles?


Know yourself and seek self-improvement, Be technically and tactically proficient, Seek responsibility and take responsibility for your actions, Make sound and timely decisions, Know your soldiers and look out for there well being, Keep your subordinates informed, Develop a sense of responsibility for your subordinates, Ensure the task is understood, supervised, and accomplished, Build a team, Employ your unit in accordance with its capabilities


Does a commander have a open door policy?


Yes


What is a belief?


Something a person holds as being true, whether it a person, an idea, or a thing.


Describe the meaning of values?


An attitude about the relative worth or importance of people, jobs, ideas, or things.


What is the meaning of norms?


They are standards of behavior or laws shared by members of a group in order to live together.


What are the two categories of norms?


Formal and informal.


What is a formal norm?


A written or spoken law.


What are some examples of formal norms?


UCMJ, traffic laws, SOP’s.


What is the meaning of an informal norm?


A rule that isn’t written down or expressed, but usually followed by a group For, example never leaving a wounded buddy without aid.


Describe the meaning of ethics?


Ethics are principles or standards that guide professionals to do the moral or right thing.


What is the acronym for army values?


LDRSHIP


What FM covers army values?


FM 6-22


What are the army values?


Loyalty, duty, respect, selfless service, honor, integrity, and personal courage.


What is military authority?


The legitimate power to direct subordinates or to take action.


What are attributes?


Attributes are a person’s fundamental qualities and characteristics.


What is command authority?


The power a person exercises over others as a result of grade or assignment.


What are the three attributes of an army leader?


Mental, physical, emotional.


Name some of mental attributes of an army leader?


They include will, self discipline, initiative, judgment, self confidence, intelligence, and culture awareness.


What is communication?


The exchange of information between two or more people.


What are the two parts of communication?


Sending and Receiving


What is it called when the receiver of communication returns information back to the sender?


Feedback


What are the three important parts in the exchange of communications?


Message, content, and context.


What is the cause of most problems in leadership?


Communication.


Which communication barrier is harder to overcome, Physical or psychological?


Psychological.


Describe some physical barriers of communication?


Noise, distance, attention distracters.


Describe the difference between a duty and a task?


Tasks are specific things done to accomplish the duty Duty is a general guideline of what is expected of soldiers.


What are the seven steps to problem solving?


1. Identify the problem, 2. Identify the facts and assumptions, 3. Generate alternatives, 4. Analyze the alternative, 5. Compare the alternatives, 6. Make and execute your decision, 7. Access the results, and adjust your plan as necessary


Describe the four steps of ethical reasoning?


Define the ethical problem or dilemma, Gather the facts, know the relevant rules, Develop and evaluate a course of action, Choose a solution that best represents the army values


What are the four categories of the Army Leadership Framework?


Values, attributes, skills, and actions.


What basically develops leadership?


Experience, environment, and learning.


Describe the things that affect a unit’s morale?


Military justice, chow, mail, supply, billets.


Describe the meaning of cohesion?


A bond between soldiers made from respect, trust, confidence, and understanding.


What are the fundamental skills a leader must know, according to the be, know, do framework?


Skills a leader must know are interpersonal skills, conceptual skills, technical skills, and tactical skills.


Give an example of strategic leadership?


A strategic leader may be the theater commander, corps commander, or a division commander. They are responsible for organizations that influence several thousand to hundreds of thousands of people.


Describe initiative?


A. It is the ability to be a self starter, to do something without being told, to recognize a solution or opportunity and use it to accomplish the mission.


According to FM 6-22, what two interacting sets of characteristics make up character?


Values and attributes


Will the study of human behavior make a better leader?


Yes


What is a leader assessment?


Analysis of your strong and weak leadership traits and improving on them.


What should a leader do before making changes in a new command?


Observe how the soldiers operate, talk with the outgoing leaders about subordinates and the job, review the organization’s SOP and regulations, identify the key people inside and outside the unit, look at your own leadership.


Describe the elements of active listening


Active elements include eye contact, body position, head nods, facial expressions, and verbal expressions.


What is a DA Form 4856-E?


The Developmental Counseling Form.


What army manual covers counseling?


FM 6-22, Appendix B


What are the three approaches to counseling?


Directive, non-directive and combined.


What are the two major categories of counseling?


They are event orientated, and performance/ professional growth.


Are leaders required to counsel soldiers?


Yes, The leader who neglects counseling is negligent in his duty.


What is a developmental counseling?


Developmental counseling is a plan for soldiers to use to achieve individual and organizational goals.


What are the four stages of the counseling process?


1. Identify the need for counseling, 2. Prepare for counseling, 3. Conduct counseling, 4. Follow up counseling or assessment counseling


What are some types of professional counseling?


Promotion counseling, Reenlistment counseling


Should written records be kept?


Yes, whenever the counseling is considered to be formal or of an important matter.


Should a leader make decisions for subordinates regarding personal problems?


No. A leader should make suggestion or recommendations, and tell the troop about available options to resolve a personal problem.


What is required for successful counseling?


Effective communications, Make the person feel comfortable and at ease, Listen to the person, Don’t put the person down, Guarantee the counseling will remain confidential


What is active listening?


, It involves concentration on what a person is saying, and letting that person know that he or she is being heard and understood.


What is a reflective statement?


A phrase that restates what the person just said.


What are some basic skills of counseling?


Listening and watching, Responding, Guiding


What are some things to watch for in counseling?


Eye contact, posture, facial expressions, distractive behavior, looking around