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(KAPLAN) Latin and Greek roots
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A:


WITHOUT
amoral
atheist
atypical


AB/ABS


OFF, AWAY, FROM, APART, DOWN 
abduct
abhor: to hate, detest
abolish
abstract
abnormal
abdicate
abstinence
abtruse: hard to understand, secret, hidden


AC/ACR


SHAPR, BITTER
acid
acute
acerbic
acrid


ACT/AG


TO DO; TO DRIVE; TO FORCE; TO LEAD 
agile
agitate
litigate
prodigal
pedagogue
synagogue


AD/AL


TO, TOWARD, NEAR
adapt
adjacent
addict
admire
address
adhere
adjoin
advocate


AL/ALI/ALTER


OTHER,ANOTHER
alternative
alias
alibi
alien
alter
altruist
allegory: figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another


AM


LOVE
amateur
amatory: lovemaking
amenity: agreeable
amorous: inclined to love
enamored: inflamed with love
amity: friendship
inamorata: female lover
amiable: agreeable
amicable: exhibiting good will


AMB


TO GO(begin); TO WALK
ambient: moving freely
preamble
ambassador: to go represent
ambulatory: capable of walking
perambulator: tour of inspection on foot


AMBI/AMPH


BOTH, MORE THAN ONE, AROUND
ambigous
amphibian: twofold nature
ambidextrous


ANIM


OF THE LIFE, MIND, SOUL, SPIRIT
unanimous: complete accord
animosity: FEELING of ill will
animus: hostile feelings
equanimity: mental or emotional stability, especially under tension
magnanimous: generous in forgiving an insult


ANNUI/ENNI


YEAR
annual
anniversary
annuity
perennial: lasting for an indefinte time
annals: records of events


ANTE


BEFORE
anterior
antecedent
antedate: precede in time (space race antedated vietnam)




ANTHRO/ANDR


MAN, HUMAN
anthropology
android
misanthrope: one who hates humans
philanderer: continues flirting
androgynous
androgen
anthropocentric: humans as central


ANTI


AGAINST
antibody
antidote
antiseptic
antipathy: aversion
antipodal: opposite side of the globe


APO


AWAY
apology
apostle
apocalypse
apogee: highest or most distant point
apocryphal: away from authentic
apostasy: total desertion of one's religion, principles, party


ARCH/ARCHI/ARCHY


CHIEF, PRINCIPAL, RULER
architect: devisor, maker or planner
archenemy: cheif enemy
monarchy: one ruler,
anarchy
oligarchy: ruled by group


AUTO


SELF
automatic
autocrat
autonomy


BE:


TO BE, TO HAVE A PARTICULAR QUALITY; TO EXIST
belittle: regard as less impressive
bemoan: express pity
bewilder: confuse
belie: to misrepresent, contradict


BEl


WAR
antebellum: before the war
rebel: resist
belligerent: warlike,


BEN/BON


GOOD
benefit
benign
benediction: uttering a blessing
benevolent
bonus
bona fide


BI


TWICE, DOUBLE
binocular
biennial: every two years
bilateral
bilingual
bipartisan


CAD/CID


TO FALL, TO HAPPEN BY CHANCE
accident: happening by chance
coincidence:
decadent: decay (fall from bones)
cascade: water FALLING
recidivsit: one who repeatedly relapses


CAP/CIP/CEPT


TO TAKE; TO GET
capture
anticipate
susceptible
emancipate to get free
percipient: having perception, discerning, discriminating
precept: commandment or direction as a rule of conduct


CAP/CAPIT/CIPIT


HEAD, HEADLONG
CAPITAL
DISCIPLE
PRECIPITATE: to hasten the occurence; prematurely
CAPITULATE
CAPTION


CARD/CORD/COUR


HEART
cardiac
encourage
concord
discord
concordance


CARN


FLESH
carnivorous
carnage
carnival
reincarnation
incarnation



CAST/CHAST


CUT
cast: to hurl
caste: hereditary social group
castigate: to punish in order to correct
chastise: to discipline by corporal punishment
chaste: free from obscenity; decent


CED/CEED/ CESS


TO GO; TO YIELD; TO STOP
antecedent: existing, being, or going before
concede: acknowledge (yield to truth)
predecessor: comes before
cessation
incessant


CERN/CERT/CRET/CRIM/CRIT


TO SEPARATE; TO JUDGE; TO DISTINGUISH; TO DECIDE
discrete
ascertain
certitude
discreet
hypocrite
criterion


CHRON


TIME
synchronize
chronology
anachronism
chronic
chronometer


CIRCU


AROUND, ON ALL SIDES
cirumference
circumstances
circuit
circumambulate: to walk around
circuitous: roundabout, indirect


CIS


TO CUT
scissors
precise
exorcise
incision
incisive


CLA/CLO/CLU


SHUT, CLOSE
conclude
claustrophobia
disclose
exclusive
cloister
preclude: prevent the presence of


CLAIM/CLAM


TO SHOUT; TO CRY OUT
exclaim
proclaim
clamor: loud noise
disclaim
reclaim


CLI


TO LEAN TOWARD
decline
recline
climax
proclivity: inclination, bias
disinclination


CO/COL/COM/CON


WITH, TOGETHER
connect
coerce
compatible
collide
collaborate
conciliate: to placate, win over
commensurate, suitable in measure, proportionate


CRE/CRESC/CRET


TO GROW
accrue
creation
increase
increment
accretion


CRED


TO BELIVE; TO TRUST
incredible
credentials
credo: any form of belief
credulity
credit


CRYP


HIDDEN
crypt
apocryphal
cryptology



CUB/CUMB


TO LIE DOWN
succumb
incubate
incumbent
recumbent:lying down (foot rest allows recumbent position)


CULP


TO BLAME
culprit
culpable: deserving blame
inculpate: to charge with fault
mea culpa: through my fault


DAC/DOC


TO TEACH
doctor
doctrine
indoctrinate
docile
didactic


DE


AWAY, OFF, DOWN, COMPLETELY, REVERDSAL
descend
decipher
defile
defame
deferential
delineate:to sketch or trace


DEM


PEOPLE
democracy
epidemic
endemic
pandemic
demographics


DI/DIA


APART, THROUGH
dialogue
diagnose
dilate
dilatory: inclined to delay
dichotomy


DIC/DICT/DIT



TO SAY, TO TELL, TO USE WORDS
dictionary
predict
verdict
interdict: to forbid; prohibit


DIGN


WORTH
dignity
dignitary: holds high rank
deign: to think fit or accordance
condign: well desrved
disdain


DIS/DIF


AWAY FROM, APART, REVERSAL, NOT
disperse
disseminate
dissipate
dissuade
diffuse


DOG/DOX


OPINION
orthodox
paradox
dogma


DOL


SUFFER, PAIN
condolence
indolence: state of being lazy
doleful
dolorous: full of pain, grievous


































































































My first notecard


create more notecards


DON/DOT/DOW


TO GIVE
donate
pardon
antidote
anecdote
endow
























































DON/DOT/DOW


TO GIVE
donate
pardon
antidote
anecdote
endow


DUB


DOUBT
dubious
dubeity
indubitable:unquestionable


DUC/DUCT


abduct
conduct
conducive: helpful
induce
induct
produce


DUR


HARD
endure
durable
duress: compulsion by threat, coercion
dour: sullen, gloomy
duration


DYS


FAULTY, ABNORMAL
dystrophy: faulty, inadequate nutrition or development
dyspepsia: impaired digestion
dyslexia
dysfunctional


E/EF/EX


OUT, OUT OF, FROM FORMER, COMPLETELY
evade
exclude
extricate: disentable, release
expire
efface: to rub or wipe out


EPI


UPON
epidemic
epilogue
epidermis
epigram: witty or pointed saying tersely (concise) expressed
epithet: a word or phrase, used invectively as a term of abuse



EQU


EQUAL, EVEN
equation
adequate
equidistant
iniquity: gross injustice


ERR


TO WANDER
err: to go astray in thought or belief
error
erratic
arrant: downright thorough, notorious


EU


GOOD, WELL
euphemism: pleasant sounding term or something unpleasant
eulogy
eugenics
euthanasia
euphony: pleasantness of sound


EXTRA


OUTSIDE,BEYOND
extraordinary
extract
extradite: hand over, state where crime was committed
extrasensory
extrapolate: estimate from known data


FAB/FAM


TO SPEAK
fable
affable
ineffable: too great for description in words
famous
defame


FAC/FIC/FIG/FAIT/FEIT/FY


TO DO, TO MAKE
factory
faction
deficient
prolific
ratify
effigy: sculpture of someone
conterfeit: to imitate, make a fake


FER


TO BRING; TO CARRY; TO BEAR
offer
confer
referendum
proffer
proliferate:reproduce, produce rapidly


FID


FAITH, TRUST
confide
affidavit
fidelity
fiduciary: of a trust; held or given trust
infidel


FIN


END
final
confine: restricted limits
definitive
infinite
infintesimal


FLAG/FLAM


TO BURN
flammable
flambeau
flagrant
conflagration: large destructive fire


FLECT/FLEX


TO BEND
deflect
flexible
inflect
reflect
genuflect: to bend at knee


FLU/FLUX


TO FLOW
fluid
fluctuation
effluence: flowing out of
confluence
mellifluous: pleasing, musical


FORE


BEFORE
foresight
foreshadow
forestall
forthright


FORT


CHANCE
fortune
fortunate
fortuitous:happening by


FORT


STRENGTH
fortify
fortissimo: very loud
forte: strong point


FRA/FRAC/FRAG/FRING


TO BREAK
fracture
fragment
refractory: stubborm, unmanageable
infringe


FUS


TO POUR
profuse
fusillade: continuous discharge of firearms or criticisms
suffuse: to spread throughout or over from with
diffuse
infusion


GEN


BIRTH,CREATION,RACE,KIND
generous
genetics
carcinogenic
progeny
miscegenation: interbreeding of races


GN/GNO


KNOW
agnostice
ignore
ignoramous
recognize
incognito
prognosis
diagnose


GRAD/GRESS


TO STEP
progress
aggressive
degrade
disgress
egress:going out; way out
regress


GRAT


PLEASING
grateful
ingratiate
gratuity
gracious


HER/HES


TO STICK
coherent
adhesive
inherent
adherent
heredity


(H)ETERO


DIFFERENT
herodox: holding unorthodox opinions or doctrines


(H)OM


SAME
homonym



HYPER


EXCESSIVE
hyperactive
hyperbole
hyperglycemia


HYPO


UNDER,BENEATH,LESS THAN
hypodermic
hypochondriac
hypocritical
hypothesis


IDIO


ONE'S OWN
idiot
idion: language, dialect or style of speaking
idiosyncrasy: peculiarity of temeprment, eccentric


IM/IN/EM/EN


IN, INTO
embrace
enclose
intrinsic
influx
implicit
incarnate
indigenous: native, innate, natural


IM/IN


NOT,WITHOUT
inactive
innocuous: not harmful
indolence: showing disposition to avoid exertion, slothful
impartial
indigent


INTER


BETWEEN, AMONG
interstate
interim
interloper
intermittent
intersperse


JECT


TO THROW; TO THROW DOWN
inject
dejected
eject
conjecture
abject: utterly hopeless


JOIN/JUNCT


TO MEET; TO JOIN
junction
adjoin
subjugate: to conquer
rejoinder: to reply, retort
junta


LAV/LUT/LUV


TO WASH
lavatory
dilute
pollute
deluge
antediluvian: before biblical flood
ablution: act of cleansing


LECT/LEG


TO SELECT, TO CHOOSE
collect
elect
select
eclectic
predilection


LEV


LIFT,LIGHT,RISE
relieve
alleviate
relevant
levee
levitate
levity


LOC/LOG/LOQU


WORD,SPEECH
dialogue
elocution
prologue
eulogy
colloquial
grandiloguent:pompus or inflated in language
loquacious: talkative


LUC/LUM/LUS


LIGHT
illustrate
illuminate
illustrious
translucent
lackluster: lacking brilliance or radiance
lucid
luminous


LUD/LUS


TO PLAY
allude
illusion
ludicrous
delude
elude
prelude


MAG/MAJ/MAX


BIG
magnify
magnitude
maximum
magnate: powerful influential person
maxim: expression of general truth


MAL/MALE


BAD,ILL, EVIl, WRONG
malfunctoin
malicious
malign
malady
maladroit
malapropism: humorous misuse of a word
malfeasance: misconduct by public official
malediction: curse


MAN


HAND
manual
manufacture
emancipate
manifest
mandate


MIN


SMALL
minute
minutiae
miniature
dimish
diminution


MIN


TO PROJECT, TO HANG OVER
eminent
imminent
prominent
preeminet
minatory:menacing, threatening


MIS/MIT


TO SEND
transmit
emissary
intermittent
remit
remission


MISC


MIXED
miscellaneous
miscegenation
promiscuous


MON/MONIT


To REMIND; TO WARN
monument: memorial structure
monitor
sumon
admonish: cousel against
remonstrate
premonition


MORT


DEATH
immortal
morbid
moribund


MUT


CHANGE
commute
mutation
immutable


NAT/NAS/NAI


TO BE BORN
natural
native
naive
cognate: related by blood
nascent: starting to develop


NIC/NOC/NOX


HARM
innocent: unwrong
noxious
obnoxious
innocuous: having no adverse effect


NOM/NYM/NOUN/NOWN


NAME
synonym
anonymous
nominal
nominate
nomenclature
acronym


NOUNC/NUNC


TO ANNOUNCE
announce
pronounce
renounce


NOV/NEO/NOU


NEW
novice
renovate
innovate
neologism
neophyte
nouveau


OB/OC/OF/OP


TOWARD,TO,AGAINST,OVER
obese
obstinate:stubborn
obstruct
oblique
obstreperous: noisily defiant
obfuscate:to make dim
obsequious: over submissive


OMNI


ALL
omnibus: anthology of author's work
omnipresent
omnipotent
omniscient


PAC/PEAC


PEACE
appease
pacify
pacifier
pact


PAN


ALL,EVERYONE
panorama
panegyric: formal or elaborate praise at an assembly
panoply: a wide-ranging and impressive array or display
pantheon: public building containing tooms
pandemic


PAR


EQUAL
Par
parity
apartheid: system that seprates people by race
disparage: belittle, speak disrespectfully
disparate: essentially different


PARA


NEXT TO, BESIDE
parallel
parasite
parody
parable: story
paragon: model of excellence
paranoid


PAS/PAT/PATH


FEELING/SUFFERING/DISEASE
sympathy
empathy
compassion
dispassionate
impassive
sociopath


PAU/PO/POV/PU


FEW,LITTLE, POOR
poverty
paucity
pauper: person without any means of support
impoverish
pusillanimous:lacking courage/ resolution
puerile: childish/immature


PED


CHILD, EDUCATION
pedagogue: teacher
pediatrician
pedant: displays learning impressively
excyclopedia


PED/POD


FOOT
pedal
pedestrian
expedite
impede
podium
antipodes


PEN/PUN


TO PAY; TO COMPENSATE
penal: punishment for crimes
penalty
punitive
penance
penitent: Contrite(feeling remorse)


PEND/PENS


TO HANG;TO WEIGH; TO PAY
depend
stipend
compensate
indispensable
appendix
appendage


PER


COMPLETELY
persistent
perforate
perplex
peruse: read with thoroughness
perfunctory: rountine duty
pertinacious: resolute
perspicacious: shrewd, astute


PERI


AROUND
perimeter
periscope
peripatetic: walking or traveling


PET/PIT


TO GO;TO SEEK; TO STRIVE
appetite
compete
petition
centripetal: moving towards center
impetuous: sudden rash action or emotion
petulant: sudden irritation


PHIL


LOVE
philosophy
philatelist: loves postage stamps
philology: study literature&determine authenticity
bibliophile:loves collecting books


PLAC


TO PLEASE
placid
placebo
implacable: unable to please
complacent
complaisant:disposed to please


PLE


TO FILL
complete
deplete
supplement
implement
replete
plethora


PLEX/PLIC/PLY


TO FOLD, TWIST,TANGLE, OR BEND
COMPLEX
REPLICA
IMPLICIT
IMPLICATE
DUPLICITY
SUPPLICATE:to make humble and earnest entreaty


PON/POS/POUND


TO PUT; TO PLACE
component
expose
expound
juxtapose
repository


PORT


TO CARRY
import
export
portable
deportment: conduct/ behavior
disport: divert/ amuse oneself
importune: to urge/ press with excessive persistence


PREHEND/PRISE


TO TAKE;TO GET;TO SEIZE
surprise
enterprise
reprehensible
comprise
reprisal
apprehend


PRO


MUCH, FOR, A LOT
prolific
profuse
prodigal
prodigious
proselytize: to convert/ recruit
provident: showing foresight


PROB


TO PROVE; TO TEST
Probe
approbation
opprobrium
reprobate
problematic
probity: honesty


PUG


TO FIGHT
pugnacious: quarrel or fight readily
impugn: to challenge as false
repugnant: objectionable or offensive
pugillist: fighter


PUNC/PUNG/POIGN


TO POINT; TO PRICK
point
puncture
pungent
compunction: feeling of unease for doing wrong
punctilious: strictly formal
expunge: erase/ eliminate


QUE/QUIS


TO SEEK
acquire
exquisite
conquest
inquisitive
query
querulous
perquisite: gratuity


QUI


QUIET
quiet
disquiet: lack of calm
tranquil
acquiesce
quiescence: condition of rest/still/inactive


RID/RIS


TO LAUGH
riddle
derision
risible: causing laughter


ROG



TO ASK interrogate 
arrogant 
abrogate: formally abolish 
surrogate 
derogatory 
arrogate: to claim presumptuously


SACR/SANCT/SECR


SACRED
sacred
sacrifice
sanctify
sanction
execrable: abominable
sacrament
sacrilege:violating sacred


SAL/SIL/SULT


TO LEAP, TO JUMP
insult
assault
somersault
saliet
resilient
insolent
exult: to show or feel triumphant joy
desultory: at random (jumping around), unmethodical


SCI


TO KNOW
Conscious
conscience
unconscionable: unscrupulous/ duplicit
omniscient
prescient: premonition


SE


APART
select
separate
seduce
segregate
secede
sequester: to reove or withdraw into solitude
sedition: incitement of discontent


SEC/SEQU


TO FOLLOW
second
prosecute
sequence
obsequious
non sequitur: an inference or conclusion that does not follow from the premises


SED/SESS/SIS


TO SIT; TO BE STILL; TO PLAN; TO PLOT
preside
resident
sediment
dissident: disagreeing, as in opinion or attitude
residual
subsidiary
insidious
assiduous: dilligent, persistent


SENS/SENT


TO FEEL; TO BE AWARE
sense
sensory
sentiment
presentiment:feeling that something is about to happen
dissent
resent
sentinel
insensate: without feeling or sensitivity


SOL


TO LOOSEN; TO FREE
dissolve
soluble
resolution
dissolution
dissolute
absolution


SPEC/SPIC/SPIT


TO LOOK; TO SEE
perspective
speculation
suspicious
spectrum
retrospective
circumspect
perspicacious: having keen mental persception and understanding
conspicuous
specious:deceptively attractive


STA/STI


TO STAND; TO BE IN PLACE
static
destitute
obstinate
constitute
stasis
apostasy: renunciation


SUA


SMOOTH
suave
persuade
dissuade
assauge


TAC/TIC


TO BE SILENT
reticent: dispose to be silent
tacit
taciturn: uncommunicative



TAIN/TEN/TENT/TIN


TO HOLD
detain
pertain
tenacious
abstention
tenure
tenable
sustenance
pertinacious: persistent


TEND/TENS/TENT/TENU


TO STRETCH; TO THIN
tension
tentative
tendentious:predisposed to a point of view
distend
attenuate: to weaken or reduce
extenuating
contentious:quarrelsome,disagreeable



TRACT


TO DRAG; TO PULL; TO DRAW
tractor
attract
contract
detract: to take away a positive
abstract: to draw or pull away,
tractable: easily managed or controlled
protract: to prolong


US/UT


TO USE
abuse
usage
usurp
utilitarian


VEN/VENT


TO COME OR TO MOVE TOWARD
convene
venturesome
intervene
contravene:come into conflict
adventitious: accidental


VER


TRUTH
verdict
veracious
verity
verisimilitude
aver: to affirm


VERD


GREEN
verdant
verdure:fresh, rich vegetation


VERS/VERT


TO TURN
controversy
revert
diverse
aversion
introvert
extrovert
inadvertent
covert
avert


VI


LIFE
vivid
vicarious
viable
vivacity
vita


VID/VIS


TO SEE
evident
video
adviser
survey
vista: a view or prospect


VIL


BASE, MEAN
vilify
revile
vile


VOC/VOK


TO CALL
vocabulary
advocate
vociferous: crying out noisily
convoke:to call together
invoke


VOL


TO WISH
voluntary
malevolent: bad will
volition


VOR


TO EAT
voracious
carnivorous
omnivorous